Today in History (July)

1

HAPPY BIRTHDAY CANADA, Greatest Country in the World

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Stephen Juba, 41st Winnipeg Mayor

1867 – Sir John A. Macdonald sworn in as Canada’s first Prime Minister

1867 – Sir Charles Tupper conferred the Companionship of the Bath

1867 – Sir George-Etienne Cartier conferred the Companionship of the Bath

1870 – Sir George-Etienne Cartier commits to start building the Canadian Pacific Railway within two years

1916 – Dwight Eisenhower marries Mary Geneva Doud

1926 – Arthur Meighen takes Canada back to the gold standard

1927 – William Lyon Mackenzie King dedicates Peace Tower Carillon in first Trans-Canada Radio broadcast

1932 – Franklin Roosevelt nominated for President by Democratic Party

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower visits front in Normandy

1960 – John Diefenbaker grants Treaty Indians and registered native Canadians the right to vote

1962 – The Sir John A. Macdonald statue in Dominion Square is vandalized by separatists

1963 – John Kennedy arrives in Rome

1968 – Statue of William Lyon Mackenzie King is unveiled on Parliament Hill

1970 – Pierre Trudeau in confrontation with heckler over unsold grain

1971 – Pierre Trudeau opens museum for aboriginal artifacts on University of British Columbia campus

1978 – Richard Nixon gives first speech since resignatio

1980 – Ed Schreyer proclaims Act Respecting the National Anthem making O Canada officially the national anthem

1989 – Brian Mulroney names non-politicians to the Privy Council

2

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sir Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada

1862 – Abraham Lincoln signs act providing land for state agricultural colleges

1867 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s coalition cabinet is sworn in

1872 – Sir Charles Tupper named Minister of Inland Revenue

1926 – Arthur Meighen’s government loses non-confidence vote

1932 – Franklin Roosevelt makes the first presidential nomination convention acceptance speech

1964 – Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act & the Voting Rights Act

1992 – John Crosbie orders northern cod fisheries shut down for two years

2001 – George W. Bush seeks to allow oil companies to drill in the Gulf of Mexico

3

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Richard Bennett, Canada’s 11th Prime Minister

1754 – George Washington surrenders to French at Fort Necessity

1775 – George Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge

1938 – Franklin Roosevelt dedicates Eternal Light Peace Memorial at Gettysburg

1986 – Ronald Reagan presides over relighting of Statue of Liberty

1991 – Brian Mulroney begins process of privatizing Petro Canada

1992 – Ted Kennedy marries Victoria Reggie

4

HAPPY BIRTHDAY UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

1754 – George Washington retreats from Fort Necessity with remains of his army

1867 – Sir Charles Tupper’s last day as Premier of Nova Scotia

1884 – Sir John A. Macdonald appoints commission to investigate Chinese immigration in British Columbia

1950 – Harry Truman signs public law 600 allowing Puerto Ricans to write their own constitution

1966 – Lyndon Johnson signs Freedom of Information Act

1980 – Pierre Trudeau criticizes Provincial Premiers for opposing Charter of Rights and Freedoms

1991 – Grant Devine brings in Gross Revenue Insurance Plan

5

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Pierre-Marc Johnson, 24th Quebec Premier

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Henry Cabot Lodge, former US Senator, VP candidate

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Julie Nixon Eisenhower, former first daughter

1935 – Franklin Roosevelt signs National Labor Relations Act

1975 – Joey Smallwood elected leader of Liberal Reform Party

1977 – Pierre Trudeau sets up Task Force on Canadian Unity

1977 – John Robarts announced as co-chair of Task Force on Canadian Unity

1986 – Nancy Reagan cuts red, white and blue ribbon to reopen Statue of Liberty

1991 – Joe Clark accepts parallel constitutional reform process run by First Nations

2016 – FBI releases report calling Hillary Clinton careless in handling classified emails

6

HAPPY BIRTHDAY George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Brian Pallister, 22nd Manitoba Premier

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Nancy Reagan, former first lady

1896 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier enlarges the boundaries of Quebec

1945 – Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom

1957 – Harry S. Truman Library forms in Independence, MO

1966 – Lester Pearson announces loans and grants for Caribbean Commonwealth countries

2006 – Stephen Harper makes first official visit to Washington

2006 – George W. Bush hosts new Canadian Prime Minister

7

1865 – 4 conspirators in Abraham Lincoln’s assassination are hanged

1930 – Construction begins on Hoover Dam

1946 – Jimmy Carter marries Rosalynn Smith

1958 – Dwight Eisenhower signs bill approving Alaskan statehood

1969 – Pierre Trudeau passes the Official Languages Act

1975 – Ed Broadbent elected leader of the New Democratic Party

1992 – Joe Clark reaches agreement with 9 provinces on constitutional package

1992 – Robert Bourassa sent constitutional package agreed to by Provincial Premiers

1993 – Bob Rae passes the Social Contract

2003 – Ralph Klein hit in the face with cream pie during his annual Stampede breakfast

8

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Nelson Rockefeller, 49th New York Governor, 41st US Vice-President

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Phil Gramm, former US Senator

1778 – George Washington headquarters at West Point with Continental Army

1896 – Sir Charles Tupper’s last day as Prime Minister

1958 – Dwight Eisenhower begins three day visit to Ottawa

1974 – Pierre Trudeau and the Liberal Party win federal election

1975 – Gerald Ford announces he will seek Republican Presidential nomination

2000 – Preston Manning loses leadership of Canadian Alliance

2009 – Stephen Harper attends G8 Summit

2010 – David Johnston announced as new Governor General

2011 – Betty Ford passed away

9

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Earl of Minto, 8th Governor General of Canada

1776 – Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington’s troops in New York

1951 – Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany

1974 – Earl Warren passed away

1984 – John Turner calls a federal election

1991 – Brian Mulroney attends baseball game with US President in Toronto

1991 – George H. W. Bush attends baseball game with Canadian Prime Minister in Toronto

1991 – Joe Clark announces he will release federal position on constitution by September

10

1861 – Abraham Lincoln tells Kentucky Militia that Union troops will not enter state

1920 – Robert Borden steps down as Prime Minister

1920 – Arthur Meighen sworn in as Canada’s 9th Prime Minister

1934 – Franklin Roosevelt becomes first sitting president to visit South America (Columbia)

1944 – Tommy Douglas sworn in as Saskatchewan Premier

1958 – John Diefenbaker and US President sign agreement for joint Canada-US defence

1958 – Dwight Eisenhower and Canadian Prime Minister sign agreement for joint US-Canada defence

1991 – Kim Campbell introduces draft new extradition law

1991 – Jean Charest orders environmental assessment of Great Whale hydro project

11

HAPPY BIRTHDAY John Quincy Adams, 6th US President

1862 – Abraham Lincoln appoints General Halleck as general-in-chief

1896 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as Canada’s 7th Prime Minister

1934 – Franklin Roosevelt becomes first President to travel through Panama Canal

1944 – Franklin Roosevelt announces he will seek a 4th term as President

1952 – Dwight Eisenhower nominated for President by Republican Party

1979 – Claude Wagner passed away

1989 – Ronald Reagan sportscasts the Major League Baseball All Star Game

1992 – Ross Perot, in speech to NAACP, refers to attendees as, “you people”

2007 – Lady Bird Johnson passed away

12

1954 – Dwight Eisenhower presents plan for interstate highway system

1957 – Dwight Eisenhower becomes first President to fly in a helicopter

1972 – George McGovern nominated for President by Democratic Party

1984 – Geraldine Ferraro becomes first woman nominated for vice-president by a major party

1985 – A cancerous growth is found on Ronald Reagan’s colon

1998 – Russel MacLellan elected leader of Nova Scotia Liberal Party and Premier

2016 – Bernie Sanders endorses Hillary Clinton for President

13

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Mila Mulroney, former first lady of Canada

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jack Kemp, 9th HUD Secretary, former Representative

1896 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier forms first ministry

1960 – John Kennedy nominated for President by Democratic Party

2009 – Queen Elizabeth II appoints Jean Chretien to Order of Merit

14

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Gerald Ford, 38th US President

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Robert Bourassa, 22nd Quebec Premier

1870 – Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension

1915 – Sir Robert Borden attends British Cabinet meeting

1965 – Adlai Stevenson passed away

1976 – Jimmy Carter wins Democratic Party’s Presidential nomination

15

1838 – Lord Durham meets with Robert Baldwin and William Baldwin

1870 – George-Etienne Cartier’s Manitoba Act is passed

1932 – Herbert Hoover cuts his own salary by 15%

1948 – Harry Truman nominated for President by Democratic Party

1958 – Dwight Eisenhower sends troops to Lebanon

1964 – Barry Goldwater nominated for President by Republican Party

1969 – Ed Schreyer sworn in as Manitoba Premier

1971 – Richard Nixon announces he will visit People’s Republic of China

2013 – Stephen Harper shuffles cabinet

16

1882 – Mary Todd Lincoln passed away

1957 – John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record

1958 – Duff Roblin sworn in as Premier of Manitoba

1980 – Ronald Reagan nominated for President by Republican Party

2009 – Peter MacKay announces plan to purchase 65 C-35 Joint Strike Fighter Jets

17

1820 – A young boy named John A. Macdonald arrives in Kingston from Scotland with his family

1838 – Lord Durham reviews 43rd Regiment and other regulars at Niagara

1945 – Harry Truman has first meeting with Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin at Potsdam

1968 – Lester Pearson appointed President of Institute for Strategic Studies

1969 – Pierre Trudeau asks western farmers, “Why should I sell your wheat?”

1974 – Ed Broadbent selected as interim leader of the New Democratic Party

1980 – Ronald Reagan formally accepts Republican Party’s Presidential nomination

18

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jack Layton, former leader of the New Democratic Party of Canada

HAPPY BIRTHDAY John Glenn, former US Senator

1864 – Abraham Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service

1940 – Franklin Roosevelt nominated for President by Democratic Party for third time

1947 – Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act

1958 – William Bennett announces British Columbia Ferry Authority will take over passenger service

1984 – Walter Mondale wins Democratic Party presidential nomination

1991 – Brian Mulroney tells Mikhail Gorbachev that Canada will lift freeze on food credits

1995 – Barack Obama’s book, “Dreams of My Father” is published

1997 – Russell MacLellan sworn in as Nova Scotia Premier

19

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Dalton McGuinty, 24th Ontario Premier

HAPPY BIRTHDAY George McGovern, former US Senator

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt appoints Fair Employment Practice Committee

1948 – John Bracken resigns as leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada

1969 – Pierre Trudeau announces interest free cash advance for Western grain farmers

1984 – Geraldine Ferraro wins Democratic Vice-Presidential nomination

1990 – Peter Pocklington sells Palm Dairies

1990 – Richard Nixon Library opens

1993 – Bill Clinton fires FBI Director William Sessions

20

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jim Prentice, 16th Alberta Premier, former Conservative minister

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jack Horner, former Liberal Minister

1871 – Sir George-Etienne Cartier’s British Columbia Act comes into effect

1872 – Sir John A. Macdonald calls a federal election

1896 – Sir William Fielding’s last day as Nova Scotia Premier

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower visits Bernard Montgomery’s headquarters in Normandy

1944 – Franklin Roosevelt nominated for President for a fourth time by the Democratic Party

1965 – Lester Pearson outlines medicare proposals to federal-provincial conference

1965 – Judy LaMarsh and provincial colleagues identify problems with national medicare proposals

1981 – Pierre Trudeau hosts G7 economic summit in Montebello, Quebec

1988 – Michael Dukakis nominated for President by Democratic Party

2004 – Paul Martin’s cabinet sworn in

21

1961 – John Diefenbaker opens the town of Inuvik

1974 – House Judiciary Committee approves 2 articles of impeachment against Richard Nixon

1986 – John Buchanan hosts banquet to honour Hank Snow

1988 – Brian Mulroney passes Emergencies Act, replacing War Measures Act

1988 – Brian Mulroney passes Canadian Multiculturalism Act

1988 – Michael Dukakis accepts Democratic Party’s Presidential nomination

2000 – Frank Miller passed away

22

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Bob Dole, former US Senator

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Gilles Duceppe, former leader Bloc Quebecois

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Michele Dionne, former first lady of Quebec

1775 – George Washington takes command of Continental Army

1937 – Franklin Roosevelt’s plan to expand Supreme Court is rejected by US Senate

1950 – William Lyon Mackenzie King passed away

1955 – Richard Nixon becomes first Vice-President to preside over Cabinet meeting

1961 – John Diefenbaker opens Northwest Telecommunications System

1963 – Lester Pearson appoints Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism

2016 – Hillary Clinton announces Tim Kaine as her running mate

23

1898 – Lord Minto takes up post as Governor General of Canada

1941 – William Lyon Mackenzie King passes bill authorizing conscription, but, not overseas

1959 – Richard Nixon begins tour of USSR

1973 – Richard Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes

1974 – John Diefenbaker sworn in as a Member of Parliament for a record 12th time

1980 – Jimmy Carter designates River of No Return Wilderness Area

24

1758 – George Washington admitted into Virginia House of Burgess

1917 – Sir Robert Borden passes the Military Service Bill bringing in conscription

1929 – Herbert Hoover proclaims Kellogg-Briand Pact, which bans war

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt demands Japanese troops leave Indochina

1952 – Harry Truman settles 53 day steel strike

1959 – Richard Nixon gets into “kitchen debate” with Nikita Khrushchev

1974 – Supreme Court rules Richard Nixon must turn over Watergate tapes

1979 – Jimmy Carter names Paul Volcker Chairman of the Federal Reserve

2015 – Barack Obama begins 2 day visit to Kenya

25

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Gilbert Parent, 33rd Speaker of the House of Commons

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Frank Church, former US Senator

1941- Franklin Roosevelt bans selling benzine/gasoline to Japan

1961 – John Kennedy announces that an attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO

1969 – Edward Kennedy pleads guilty to leaving the scene of an accident

1973 – Louis St. Laurent passed away

1988 – John Kerry and Julia Stimson divorce

1990 – Lucien Bouchard announces the formation of the Bloc Quebecois

2011 – Jack Layton takes a medical leave of absence as Leader of the Opposition

2014 – Israel and Hamas review John Kerry’s proposal for a ceasefire

26

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Peter Lougheed, Alberta’s 10th Premier

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Marc Lalonde, former Liberal Minister

1797 – John Quincy Adams marries Louisa Johnson

1880 – Sir John A. Macdonald leaves on a trip to London

1946 – Harry Truman orders desegregation of all US forces

1947 – Harry Truman signs National Security Act

1948 – Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9981 directing equality of treatment & opportunity in US armed forces

1990 – George H. W. Bush signs Americans With Disabilities Act

2015 – Flora Macdonald passed away

27

1942 – William Lyon Mackenzie King says it is not the time to proclaim a national anthem for Canada

1950 – Harry Truman promises aid to Taiwan

1960 – Richard Nixon nominated for President by Republican Party

1965 – Lyndon Johnson signs bill requiring health warnings on cigarette packaging

1967 – Lyndon Johnson sets up commission on causes of urban violence

1974 – House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 in favour of impeaching Richard Nixon

1992 – Kim Campbell unveils new firearms regulations

1999 – John Hamm and the Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative Party win election

2014 – Barack Obama reaffirms Israel’s right to defend itself

28

1840 – Lord Durham passed away

1858 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s government falls over resolution naming Ottawa as Canada’s capital

1930 – Richard Bennett and his Conservative Party win general election

1932 – Herbert Hoover evicts bonus marchers from their encampment

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt announces end of coffee rationing

1948 – Maurice Duplessis and the Union Nationale win re-election

1965 – Lyndon Johnson sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam

2014 – Israel criticizes John Kerry’s proposed ceasefire

29

1941 – William Lyon Mackenzie King tells cabinet he would rather resign than support conscription

1958 – Dwight Eisenhower signs National Aeronautics and Space Act

1974 – House Judiciary Committee adopts second article of impeachment against Richard Nixon

1975 – Gerald Ford visits Auschwitz

1988 – Joe Clark announces Canada will deny visas to South African athletes to combat apartheid

2016 – Hillary Clinton accepts the Democratic Party’s Presidential nomination

30

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Bill Davis, 18th Ontario Premier

1863 – Abraham Lincoln gives order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every Black prisoner shot

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt signs bill creating Women’s Navy Auxiliary Agency

1962 – John Diefenbaker opens the Trans-Canada Highway to traffic

1965 – Lyndon Johnson signs Medicare bill

1986 – Bill Vander Zalm elected leader of British Columbia Social Credit Party

2002 – George W. Bush signs The Sarbanes Oxley Act, a change to accounting laws

31

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Charles Dunning, 3rd Saskatchewan Premier, former Liberal Minister

1867 – George-Etienne Cartier says he was the man to make Confederation and that John A. had nothing to do with it

1868 – George-Etienne Cartier passes his Rupert’s Land Act

1932 – George Washington quarter goes into circulation

1948 – Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field in New York