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Today in History (June)


1812 – James Madison lists grievances against Britain

1866 – George-Etienne Cartier order out militia to meet Fenian threat

1909 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier creates the Department of External Affairs

1909 – Lord Grey donates the Grey Cup

1933 – Leonard Tilley sworn in as New Brunswick’s 21st Premier

1979 – Rene Levesque opens Parti Quebecois convention to establish consensus on sovereignty referendum

1992 – Brian Mulroney names non-politicians to the Privy Council

2008 – Stephen Harper authorizes the Truth and Reconciliation Commission

2015 – Jacques Parizeau passed away


1847 – Sir John A. Macdonald enters cabinet for the first time

1887 – Edward Blake resigns as Liberal Party leader

1915 – Sir Robert Borden establishes commission to monitor war time prices

1925 – Charles Dunning and the Saskatchewan Liberal Party wins election

1933 – Franklin Roosevelt authorizes building of first swimming pool in White House

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower meets with Bernard Montgomery in Portsmouth

1975 – Nelson Rockefeller finds no pattern of illegal activities at CIA

1987 – Brian Mulroney & Premiers finalize Meech Lake Accord

1997 – Jean Chretien and the Liberal Party win re-election

2017 – Donald Trump announces US withdrawal from Paris Climate Agreement


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Pierre Poilievre, former Conservative Minister

1887 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier elected leader of Liberal Party

1909 – William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes Canada’s first deputy minister of labour

1953 – Louis St. Laurent attends Commonwealth Prime Minister conference

1959 – John Diefenbaker receives message from US President that was bounced off moon

1959 – Dwight Eisenhower sends message to Canadian Prime Minister bounced off the moon

1961 – John Kennedy meets with Nikita Khrushchev in Vienna

1980 – Jimmy Carter secures enough delegates for renomination

1987 – Brian Mulroney & Premiers initial Meech Lake Accord

1990 – Brian Mulroney dines with Premiers to try and save Meech Lake Accord

2014 – Barack Obama announces increased deployment of US troops in Europe


1944 – Dwight Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion after receiving unfavourable weather reports

1965 – Claude Wagner becomes Quebec’s first Minister of Justice

1979 – Joe Clark sworn in as Canada’s 16th Prime Minister

1990 – Brian Mulroney calls first ministers conference to try and save Meech Lake Accord

1992 – Joe Clark’s referendum bill passes House of Commons


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Joe Clark, Canada’s 16th Prime Minister

1897 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier sails to England for Queen Victoria’s diamond jubilee

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower sets date for D-Day

1961 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s home, Earnscliffe, declared national historic site

1998 – Sam Yorty passed away

2002 – Alexa McDonnough announces resignation as leader of the NDP

2004 – Ronald Reagan passed away


1861 – Abraham Lincoln says Union will pay for State’s mobilized volunteers

1891 – Sir John A. Macdonald passed away

1895 – Lord Aberdeen unveils the Sir John A. Macdonald memorial in Montreal

1917 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier declines offer to join Union Government

1956 – Louis St. Laurent forces closure on the Pipeline Debate

1968 – Robert Kennedy assassinated

1988 – George H. W. Bush promises reparations for interned WWII Japanese-Americans

1992 – John Crosbie welcomes international accord on sustainable fishing

2003 – Jean Chretien opens the Juno Beach Centre

2004 – Paul Martin attends the 60th anniversary ceremony of the D-Day invasion


HAPPY BIRTHDAY John Turner, Canada’s 17th Prime Minister

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Mike Pence, 48th US Vice-President

1864 – Abraham Lincoln renominated for President by Republican Party

1887 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier becomes leader of Liberal Party

1948 – George Drew and the Ontario PC Party win second majority

1955 – Dwight Eisenhower become first President to appear on colour TV

1968 – Robert Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick’s Cathedral

1982 – Ronald Reagan meets with Pope John Paul II at Vatican City


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Barbara Bush, former first lady

1789 – James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in House of Representatives

1877 – Edward Blake appointed President of the Council

1891 – Sir John A. Macdonald lies in state

1908 – James Whitney and the Ontario Conservative Party win re-election

1960 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win fifth straight majority

1968 – Robert Kennedy laid to rest at Arlington Cemetery

1969 – Richard Nixon says 25,000 troops to leave Vietnam by end of August

1972 – Lester Pearson receives Order of Merit from Queen Elizabeth II

1982 – Ronald Reagan addresses British Parliament

1985 – Mike Pence marries Karen Batten

1995 – Mike Harris and the Ontario PC Party win election

2017 – James Comey testifies that Donald Trump told lies


1915 – Woodrow Wilson sends second 2nd note to Germany protesting sinking of Lusitania

1949 – Joey Smallwood’s first government is sworn in

1968 – William Bennett dedicates Keenleyside Dam on Columbia River

1979 – Joey Smallwood resigns from Newfoundland House of Assembly

1980 – Pierre Trudeau and Premiers agree to discuss 12 items on the constitution

1990 – Brian Mulroney reaches compromise with Premiers over Meech Lake Accord


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Preston Manning, founding leader Reform Party

HAPPY BIRTHDAY John Edwards, former US Senator

1937 – Sir Robert Borden passed away

1942 – William Lyon Mackenzie King states, “conscription if necessary, but not necessarily conscription”

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt signs withholding tax bill

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt become first President to visit foreign country during wartime

1947 – Harry Truman begins two day visit to Ottawa

1952 – Harry Truman suggests nationalizing the steel industry

1957 – John Diefenbaker and the PC Party of Canada win minority in election

1963 – John Kennedy signs law for equal pay for equal work

1975 – Nelson Rockefeller’s committee reports on 300,000 CIA files on Americans

1984 – Pierre Trudeau returns to Canada after tour of Europe


1906 – Sir Hector Langevin passed away

1917 – Sir Robert Borden introduces the Conscription Act

1917 – Sir Robert Borden creates the Canadian Board of Grain Commissioners

1920 – Republicans nominate Warren Harding for President

1939 – Franklin Roosevelt serves hot dogs to King & Queen of England

1945 – William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Liberal Party of Canada win federal election

1952 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win their third election

1959 – Leslie Frost and the Ontario PC Party win a fifth straight majority

1962 – John Kennedy accepts honorary degree from Yale

1963 – George Wallace tries to prevent blacks from registering at University of Alabama

1963 – John Kennedy calls segregation morally wrong

1975 – Alan Blakeney and the Saskatchewan NDP win a second majority

1983 – Brian Mulroney wins PC Party leadership

1990 – Brian Mulroney tells of “knowing when to roll all the dice”

1990 – Brian Mulroney appoints first elected Senator, Stanley Waters

1992 – Joe Clark closes 3 months of constitutional talks

1993 – John Savage sworn in as Nova Scotia’s 23rd Premier

1996 – Bob Dole resigns from Senate to run for President

1997 – Paul Martin reappointed Minister of Finance

1998 – Jean Chretien appoints Hockey Hall of Fame member Frank Mahovolich to the Senate

2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral is held at Washington National Cathedral

2008 – Stephen Harper apologizes to First Nations over residential school abuses


HAPPY BIRTHDAY George H. W. Bush, 41st US President

1952 – William Bennett invited to form government in British Columbia

1977 – Groundbreaking at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum

1980 – Ronald Reagan says he will submit to periodic medical tests

1984 – Bill Davis announces extension of funding for Ontario’s Catholic High Schools

1987 – Ronald Reagan challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall”

1991 – Michael Wilson says culture not on the table for NAFTA negotiations

1995 – Jacques Parizeau announces team for upcoming referendum


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Martha Washington, former 1st lady

1789 – George Washington has ice cream for dessert

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt creates Department of War

1986 – Ronald Reagan criticises South African state of emergency

1991 – Brian Mulroney meets with Germany’s Helmut Khol in Ottawa

1993 – Kim Campbell wins leadership of PC Party


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Donald Trump, 45th US President

1864 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s government loses vote of censure

1872 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s government passes Canadian Pacific Railway charter

1872 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s government passes Trade Unions Bill, legalizing unions

1922 – Warren Harding becomes first President to use radio

1928 – Herbert Hoover nominated for President by Republican Party

1953 – Dwight Eisenhower condemns Joseph McCarthy’s book burning proposal

1954 – Dwight Eisenhower signs order adding “under God” to pledge of allegiance

1961 – Bank of Canada Governor James Coyne resigns over differences with John Diefenbaker

1973 – Richard Nixon imposes 60 day economy wide price freeze

1974 – All the President’s Men by Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein is published

1984 – Pierre Trudeau gives farewell address to Liberal Party convention

1989 – Ronald Reagan knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

1991 – Brian Mulroney announces scaling down of military in Europe

1991 – Michael Wilson announces Canadian win on pork at free trade tribunal

1993 – Bill Clinton nominates Ruth Bader Ginsberg to the Supreme Court

1994 – Bob Rae plays a tin drum at the Massey Hall 100th Anniversary Concert


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Mo Udall, former US Representative

1775 – George Washington appointed commander in chief of US Army

1886 – Sir William Fielding and the Nova Scotia Liberals win third straight majority

1944 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win election

1955 – Dwight Eisenhower stages first “operation alert” determining readiness under nuclear attack

1967 – Ronald Reagan signs California’s liberalized abortion bill

1971 – Vernon Jordan appointed head of National Urban League

1977 – Judy LaMarsh issues report on Royal Commission on Violence in Media

1985 – Brian Mulroney announces closure of embassy in Beirut

1990 – Gary Filmon’s attempt to introduce Meech Lake resolution in Manitoba is blocked

1990 – Brian Mulroney loses an MP over handling of Meech Lake

1991 – Lucien Bouchard founds the Bloc Quebecois

1992 – Dan Quayle misspells “potato”

1993 – Ralph Klein and the Alberta PC Party win election

1993 – John Connally passed away

2012 – Stephen Harper announces funding for construction of bridge between Windsor and Detroit

2015 – Donald Trump launches his campaign for President


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Arthur Meighen, Canada’s 9th Prime Minister

1858 – Abraham Lincoln accepts Illinois Republican Senate nomination

1928 – Thomas Dewey married Frances Eileen Hutt

1932 – Herbert Hoover re-nominated for President by Republican Party

1935 – Franklin Roosevelt’s “New Deal” accepted by Congress

1958 – Duff Roblin and the Manitoba PC Party win election

1960 – Dwight Eisenhower cancels trip to Japan

1972 – Pierre Trudeau starts the Churchill Falls hydro electric power station

1976 – Pierre Trudeau visits Washington

1981 – Ronald Reagan presents Congressional Gold Medal to Ken Taylor

1984 – John Turner wins leadership of Liberal Party

1991 – Brian Mulroney holds joint press conference with Germany’s Helmut Kohl

2008 – Dalton McGuinty’s government announces two new nuclear reactors at Darlington plant

2017 – Donald Trump reinstates Cuban travel and business restrictions


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Duff Roblin, 14th Manitoba Premier

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Ernie Eves, 23rd Ontario Premier

1864 – Sir John A. Macdonald hosts opposition leaders to discuss coalition

1950 – Robert Kennedy married Ethel Kennedy

1977 – Joe Biden married Jill Jacobs

1980 – Jean Chretien co-chairs constitutional talks in Ottawa

1980 – Roy Romanow co-chairs constitutional talks in Ottawa

1982 – Ronald Reagan makes first address to United Nations

1988 – Brian Mulroney welcomes G-7 leaders to Toronto

1996 – Sheila Copps re-elected in by-election after resigning over broken GST promise


1812 – James Madison asks Congress to declare war on Britain

1940 – William Lyon Mackenzie King proposes National Resources Mobilization Bill which includes registration and training of men 21-45

1962 – John Diefenbaker and the PC Party win minority in election

1973 – Richard Nixon hosts Leonid Brezhnev

1975 – Pierre Trudeau creates the Federal Investment Review Agency (FIRA)

1979 – Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign Salt II Treaty

1985 – Frank Miller defeated on a series of confidence motions

1991 – Michael Wilson suspends export of automatic arms to Middle East


1778 – George Washington’s troops leave Valley Forge

1900 – Republican Party re-nominates William McKinley for President

1934 – Mitch Hepburn and the Ontario Liberals win election

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt signs Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act

1959 – Dwight Eisenhower’s choice for Secretary of Commerce rejected by Senate

1991 – Jean Chretien hires new Chief of Staff

2013 – Bob Rae leaves politics after 35 year career


1882 – Sir John A. Macdonald and the National Liberal-Conservative Party wins federal election

1897 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier attends Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee

1940 – William Lyon Mackenzie King passes a conscription law that fulfils his earlier pledge

1947 – Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act

1956 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win 4th straight election

1967 – Lester Pearson opens National Library and Archives building

1985 – Rene Levesque announces he will resign as Parti Quebecois leader

1986 – Ronald Reagan has 2 polyps removed from colon

1988 – Lucien Bouchard wins Lac-St.-Jean by-election

1991 – Brian Mulroney attends conference on Security and Co-Operation in Europe

1991 – Robert Bourassa passes bill requiring referendum on sovereignty

1992 – John Savage wins leadership of Nova Scotia Liberal Party

1997 – Preston Manning announces he will move into Stornaway


HAPPY BIRTHDAY 1st Marquess of Dufferin, 3rd Governor General of Canada

1870 – Sir Charles Tupper appointed President of the Privy Council

1937 – Richard Nixon marries Pat Ryan

1940 – William Lyon Mackenzie King brings in conscription for homeland service

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt meets with Winston Churchill in Washington

1957 – John Diefenbaker sworn in as 13th Prime Minister of Canada

1957 – Louis St. Laurent resigns as Prime Minister

1968 – Earl Warren resigns from Supreme Court

1982 – Ronald Reagan’s would be assassin found not guilty by reason of insanity

1985 – Rene Levesque resigns as Quebec Premier

1986 – Ronald Reagan gives speech defending judicial appointments

1990 – Brian Mulroney flies to Newfoundland to address legislature over Meech Lake

1995 – Roy Romanow and the Saskatchewan NDP win a second majority


1864 – Sir John A. Macdonald welcomes George Brown into coalition cabinet

1935 – Richard BennettĀ meets On to Ottawa trekkers

1944 – Franklin Roosevelt signs GI Bill of Rights


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Paul Martin Sr., former cabinet minister

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Laureen Harper, former Canadian first lady

1887 – Sir John A. Macdonald passes Rocky Mountain Parks Act, creating Banff National Park

1896 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal Party win the federal election

1929 – Sir William Fielding passed away

1930 – Nelson Rockefeller married Mary Todhunter Clark

1936 – William Lyon Mackenzie King convinced to replace the CRBC with the CBC

1947 – Harry Truman’s veto of Taft-Hartley is overridden by congress

1963 – John Kennedy tours Western Europe

1971 – Robert Bourassa rejects the Victoria Charter constitutional package

1971 – Alan Blakeney and the Saskatchewan NDP win election

1972 – Richard Nixon signs act barring sexual discrimination in college sports

1972 – Richard Nixon agrees to use CIA to cover up Watergate

1974 – John Diefenbaker sworn in as an MP for a record 12th time

1986 – Ronald Reagan refused invitation to address House of Representatives

1987 – Robert Bourassa and the Quebec National Assembly ratify the Meech Lake Accord

1990 – Jean Chretien wins leadership of Liberal Party

1990 – Brian Mulroney went on TV to announce the Meech Lake Accord was dead

1990 – Robert Bourassa announces he will not, again, meet with provincial Premiers on the constitution

1992 – Brian Mulroney announces purchase of 50 helicopters for the military

2010 – Stephen Harper apologizes to families of Air India flight 182 bombing


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jean Charest, 29th Quebec Premier

1834 – George-Etienne Cartier sings “O Canada, Mon Pays, Mes Amours” at founding of St-Jean Baptiste Society

1904 – Arthur Meighen marries Jessie Isabel Cox

1909 – Lady Aberdeen hosts conference of The International Council of Women

1940 – Mackenzie King says, government I lead will not bring in measures for conscription of Canadians for service overseas

1948 – Tommy Douglas wins second majority

1948 – Thomas Dewey nominated for President by Republican convention

1968 – Pierre Trudeau showered with rocks and bottles while on reviewing stand at St-Jean Baptiste parade

1974 – Pierre Trudeau says Canada will not seek extradition of FLQ members who fled

1977 – IRS reveals Jimmy Carter paid no taxes in 1976

1990 – Brian Mulroney says no more constitutional talks without Quebec’s participation


1878 – George Walkem forms his second government

1926 – William Lyon Mackenzie King defeated on motion of censure in House of Commons

1929 – Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (renamed Hoover Dam)

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt issues executive order 8802 forbidding discrimination

1942 – Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

1948 – Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill bringing 205,000 Europeans to the US

1957 – George Drew appointed Canada’s High Commissioner to Britain

1963 – John Kennedy speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt, Germany

1968 – Pierre Trudeau and the Liberal Party win general election

1968 – Ed Broadbent first elected to House of Commons

1969 – Ed Schreyer and the Manitoba NDP win election

1978 – Pierre Trudeau meets with Margaret Thatcher to discuss patriation of constitution

1990 – George H. W. Bush welcomes Nelson Mandela to the White House

1993 – Kim Campbell sworn in as Canada’s first female Prime Minister

1993 – Jean Charest becomes Canada’s Deputy Prime Minister

1998 – Supreme Court rules in Clinton v. City of New York that line item veto is unconstitutional

2015 – Barack Obama’s subsidies in Affordable Care Act upheld by Supreme Court


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sir Robert Borden, Canada’s 8th Prime Minister

1797 – John Quincy Adams marries Louisa Johnson

1835 – Sir John A. Macdonald opens his own law office in Kingston

1877 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier denounces clergy interference in elections

1926 – William Lyon Mackenzie King asks Governor General for election and is refused

1934 – Franklin Roosevelt signs Federal Credit Union Act

1947 – Richard Bennett passed away

1957 – John Diefenbaker attends Commonwealth Prime Ministers conference in London

1957 – Dwight Eisenhower and Queen Elizabeth II open St. Lawrence Seaway

1961 – John Diefenbaker opens the Hockey Hall of Fame

1963 – John Kennedy gives “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech in West Germany

1985 – David Peterson sworn in as Ontario Premier

1990 – Kim Campbell introduces gun legislation banning certain semi-automatic assault weapons

1990 – Jacques Parizeau and Lucien Bouchard meet to discuss forming a separatist party in Ottawa

1993 – Bill Clinton launches missile attack into Baghdad intelligence headquarters

1995 – Mike Harris sworn in as Ontario Premier


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Ross Perot, 3rd Party Presidential Candidate

1949 – Louis St. Laurent and the Liberal Party win federal election

1950 – Harry Truman order US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

1962 – Ross Perot starts Electronic Data Systems

1963 – John Kennedy spends first full day in Ireland

1969 – Richard Nixon begins visit to Ottawa

1973 – Watergate Committee learns of Richard Nixon’s “enemies list”

1974 – Richard Nixon visits USSR

1975 – Pierre Trudeau opens L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Park

1984 – Pierre Trudeau wins Albert Einstein Peace Prize

1988 – Joe Clark meets with Soviet Ambassador over expulsion of Soviet diplomats from Canada

1991 – Brian Mulroney hires Hugh Segal as senior advisor

1993 – Don Henley booed at concert for dedicating song to Bill Clinton

2008 – Court clears Jean Chretien of responsibility for Sponsorship Scandal


HAPPY BIRTHDAY David Johnston, 28th Governor General of Canada

1838 – Lord Durham banishes 8 Patriote leaders to Bermuda without trial

1919 – Harry Truman marries Elizabeth Truman

1925 – William Lyon Mackenzie King resigns his government in advance of confidence motion

1935 – Franklin Roosevelt orders gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky

1961 – John Diefenbaker announces drought relief for farmers

1965 – John Robarts opens Trans-Canada Highway from Fort Frances to Atikokan

1965 – Lyndon Johnson authorizes first US ground combat forces in Vietnam

1973 – Ed Schreyer and the Manitoba NDP win re-election

1977 – Supreme Court allows Federal control of Richard Nixon’s tapes and papers

1992 – Dorothy Bush marries Bobby Koch

2004 – Paul Martin and the Liberal Party win a minority in the election


1914 – James Whitney and the Ontario PC Party win a 4th straight election

1926 – Arthur Meighen sworn in as Prime Minister for a second time

1936 – Franklin Roosevelt presents the US Congressional Gold Medal to George Cohan

1978 – Walter Mondale begins visit to Middle East

2002 – George W. Bush undergoes a colonoscopy

2006 – Supreme Court rules George W. Bush’s plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals is unconstitutional


1864 – The Great Coalition Ministry begins with Reformers joining Sir John A. Macdonald’s government

1865 – 8 conspirators in Abraham Lincoln assassination are found guilty

1923 – William Lyon Mackenzie King passes An Act Respecting Chinese Immigration which defines Chinese persons excluded from Canada

1941 – William Lyon Mackenzie King brings in bill confirming no conscription

1948 – William Lyon Mackenzie King gives final speech in House of Commons

1960 – John Diefenbaker opens Ottawa International Airport

1971 – Alan Blakeney sworn in as Saskatchewan’s 10th Premier

1973 – Joe Clark marries Maureen McTeer

1977 – Jimmy Carter ends the B-1A bomber

1984 – John Turner sworn in as Canada’s 17th Prime Minister

1984 – Pierre Trudeau officially steps down as Prime Minister

1987 – Brian Mulroney joins the majority in the House of Commons in rejecting a return of capital punishment
1997 – Angus Reid reports that only 30% of Canadian students know Sir John A. Macdonald is Canada’s first Prime Minister
2001 – Quebec agrees to compensation for the “Maurice Duplessis Orphans”
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