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Today in History (June)


1812 – James Madison lists grievances against Britain

1866 – George-Etienne Cartier order out militia to meet Fenian threat

1909 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier creates the Department of External Affairs

1909 – Lord Grey donates the Grey Cup

1933 – Leonard Tilley sworn in as New Brunswick’s 21st Premier

1979 – Rene Levesque opens Parti Quebecois convention to establish consensus on sovereignty referendum

1992 – Brian Mulroney names non-politicians to the Privy Council

2008 – Stephen Harper authorizes the Truth and Reconciliation Commission

2015 – Jacques Parizeau passed away


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Martha Washington, former US first lady

1847 – Sir John A. Macdonald enters cabinet for the first time

1887 – Edward Blake resigns as Liberal Party leader

1915 – Sir Robert Borden establishes commission to monitor war time prices

1925 – Charles Dunning and the Saskatchewan Liberal Party wins election

1933 – Franklin Roosevelt authorizes building of first swimming pool in White House

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower meets with Bernard Montgomery in Portsmouth

1975 – Nelson Rockefeller finds no pattern of illegal activities at CIA

1987 – Brian Mulroney & Premiers finalize Meech Lake Accord

1997 – Jean Chretien and the Liberal Party win re-election

2017 – Donald Trump announces US withdrawal from Paris Climate Agreement


1887 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier elected leader of Liberal Party

1909 – William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes Canada’s first deputy minister of labour

1953 – Louis St. Laurent attends Commonwealth Prime Minister conference

1959 – John Diefenbaker receives message from US President that was bounced off moon

1959 – Dwight Eisenhower sends message to Canadian Prime Minister bounced off the moon

1961 – John Kennedy meets with Nikita Khrushchev in Vienna

1980 – Jimmy Carter secures enough delegates for renomination

1987 – Brian Mulroney & Premiers initial Meech Lake Accord

1990 – Brian Mulroney dines with Premiers to try and save Meech Lake Accord

2014 – Barack Obama announces increased deployment of US troops in Europe


1944 – Dwight Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion after receiving unfavourable weather reports

1965 – Claude Wagner becomes Quebec’s first Minister of Justice

1979 – Joe Clark sworn in as Canada’s 16th Prime Minister

1990 – Brian Mulroney calls first ministers conference to try and save Meech Lake Accord

1992 – Joe Clark’s referendum bill passes House of Commons


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Joe Clark, Canada’s 16th Prime Minister

1897 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier sails to England for Queen Victoria’s diamond jubilee

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower sets date for D-Day

1961 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s home, Earnscliffe, declared national historic site

1998 – Sam Yorty passed away

2002 – Alexa McDonnough announces resignation as leader of the NDP

2004 – Ronald Reagan passed away


1861 – Abraham Lincoln says Union will pay for State’s mobilized volunteers

1891 – Sir John A. Macdonald passed away

1895 – Lord Aberdeen unveils the Sir John A. Macdonald memorial in Montreal

1917 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier declines offer to join Union Government

1956 – Louis St. Laurent forces closure on the Pipeline Debate

1968 – Robert Kennedy assassinated

1988 – George H. W. Bush promises reparations for interned WWII Japanese-Americans

1992 – John Crosbie welcomes international accord on sustainable fishing

2003 – Jean Chretien opens the Juno Beach Centre

2004 – Paul Martin attends the 60th anniversary ceremony of the D-Day invasion


HAPPY BIRTHDAY John Turner, Canada’s 17th Prime Minister

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Mike Pence, 48th US Vice-President

1864 – Abraham Lincoln renominated for President by Republican Party

1887 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier becomes leader of Liberal Party

1948 – George Drew and the Ontario PC Party win second majority

1955 – Dwight Eisenhower become first President to appear on colour TV

1968 – Robert Kennedy lies in state at St. Patrick’s Cathedral

1982 – Ronald Reagan meets with Pope John Paul II at Vatican City


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Barbara Bush, former first lady

1789 – James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in House of Representatives

1877 – Edward Blake appointed President of the Council

1891 – Sir John A. Macdonald lies in state

1908 – James Whitney and the Ontario Conservative Party win re-election

1960 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win fifth straight majority

1968 – Robert Kennedy laid to rest at Arlington Cemetery

1969 – Richard Nixon says 25,000 troops to leave Vietnam by end of August

1972 – Lester Pearson receives Order of Merit from Queen Elizabeth II

1982 – Ronald Reagan addresses British Parliament

1985 – Mike Pence marries Karen Batten

1995 – Mike Harris and the Ontario PC Party win election

2017 – James Comey testifies that Donald Trump told lies


1915 – Woodrow Wilson sends second 2nd note to Germany protesting sinking of Lusitania

1949 – Joey Smallwood’s first government is sworn in

1968 – William Bennett dedicates Keenleyside Dam on Columbia River

1979 – Joey Smallwood resigns from Newfoundland House of Assembly

1980 – Pierre Trudeau and Premiers agree to discuss 12 items on the constitution

1990 – Brian Mulroney reaches compromise with Premiers over Meech Lake Accord


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Preston Manning, founding leader Reform Party

HAPPY BIRTHDAY John Edwards, former US Senator

1937 – Sir Robert Borden passed away

1942 – William Lyon Mackenzie King states, “conscription if necessary, but not necessarily conscription”

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt signs withholding tax bill

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt become first President to visit foreign country during wartime

1947 – Harry Truman begins two day visit to Ottawa

1952 – Harry Truman suggests nationalizing the steel industry

1957 – John Diefenbaker and the PC Party of Canada win minority in election

1963 – John Kennedy signs law for equal pay for equal work

1975 – Nelson Rockefeller’s committee reports on 300,000 CIA files on Americans

1984 – Pierre Trudeau returns to Canada after tour of Europe


1906 – Sir Hector Langevin passed away

1917 – Sir Robert Borden introduces the Conscription Act

1917 – Sir Robert Borden creates the Canadian Board of Grain Commissioners

1920 – Republicans nominate Warren Harding for President

1939 – Franklin Roosevelt serves hot dogs to King & Queen of England

1945 – William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Liberal Party of Canada win federal election

1952 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win their third election

1959 – Leslie Frost and the Ontario PC Party win a fifth straight majority

1962 – John Kennedy accepts honorary degree from Yale

1963 – George Wallace tries to prevent blacks from registering at University of Alabama

1963 – John Kennedy calls segregation morally wrong

1975 – Alan Blakeney and the Saskatchewan NDP win a second majority

1983 – Brian Mulroney wins PC Party leadership

1990 – Brian Mulroney tells of “knowing when to roll all the dice”

1990 – Brian Mulroney appoints first elected Senator, Stanley Waters

1992 – Joe Clark closes 3 months of constitutional talks

1993 – John Savage sworn in as Nova Scotia’s 23rd Premier

1996 – Bob Dole resigns from Senate to run for President

1997 – Paul Martin reappointed Minister of Finance

1998 – Jean Chretien appoints Hockey Hall of Fame member Frank Mahovolich to the Senate

2004 – Ronald Reagan’s funeral is held at Washington National Cathedral

2008 – Stephen Harper apologizes to First Nations over residential school abuses


HAPPY BIRTHDAY George H. W. Bush, 41st US President

1952 – William Bennett invited to form government in British Columbia

1977 – Groundbreaking at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum

1980 – Ronald Reagan says he will submit to periodic medical tests

1984 – Bill Davis announces extension of funding for Ontario’s Catholic High Schools

1987 – Ronald Reagan challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall”

1991 – Michael Wilson says culture not on the table for NAFTA negotiations

1995 – Jacques Parizeau announces team for upcoming referendum


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Martha Washington, former 1st lady

1789 – George Washington has ice cream for dessert

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt creates Department of War

1986 – Ronald Reagan criticises South African state of emergency

1991 – Brian Mulroney meets with Germany’s Helmut Khol in Ottawa

1993 – Kim Campbell wins leadership of PC Party


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Donald Trump, 45th US President

1864 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s government loses vote of censure

1872 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s government passes Canadian Pacific Railway charter

1872 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s government passes Trade Unions Bill, legalizing unions

1922 – Warren Harding becomes first President to use radio

1928 – Herbert Hoover nominated for President by Republican Party

1953 – Dwight Eisenhower condemns Joseph McCarthy’s book burning proposal

1954 – Dwight Eisenhower signs order adding “under God” to pledge of allegiance

1961 – Bank of Canada Governor James Coyne resigns over differences with John Diefenbaker

1973 – Richard Nixon imposes 60 day economy wide price freeze

1974 – All the President’s Men by Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein is published

1984 – Pierre Trudeau gives farewell address to Liberal Party convention

1989 – Ronald Reagan knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

1991 – Brian Mulroney announces scaling down of military in Europe

1991 – Michael Wilson announces Canadian win on pork at free trade tribunal

1993 – Bill Clinton nominates Ruth Bader Ginsberg to the Supreme Court

1994 – Bob Rae plays a tin drum at the Massey Hall 100th Anniversary Concert


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Mo Udall, former US Representative

1775 – George Washington appointed commander in chief of US Army

1886 – Sir William Fielding and the Nova Scotia Liberals win third straight majority

1944 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win election

1955 – Dwight Eisenhower stages first “operation alert” determining readiness under nuclear attack

1967 – Ronald Reagan signs California’s liberalized abortion bill

1971 – Vernon Jordan appointed head of National Urban League

1977 – Judy LaMarsh issues report on Royal Commission on Violence in Media

1985 – Brian Mulroney announces closure of embassy in Beirut

1990 – Gary Filmon’s attempt to introduce Meech Lake resolution in Manitoba is blocked

1990 – Brian Mulroney loses an MP over handling of Meech Lake

1991 – Lucien Bouchard founds the Bloc Quebecois

1992 – Dan Quayle misspells “potato”

1993 – Ralph Klein and the Alberta PC Party win election

1993 – John Connally passed away

2012 – Stephen Harper announces funding for construction of bridge between Windsor and Detroit

2015 – Donald Trump launches his campaign for President


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Arthur Meighen, Canada’s 9th Prime Minister

1858 – Abraham Lincoln accepts Illinois Republican Senate nomination

1928 – Thomas Dewey married Frances Eileen Hutt

1932 – Herbert Hoover re-nominated for President by Republican Party

1935 – Franklin Roosevelt’s “New Deal” accepted by Congress

1958 – Duff Roblin and the Manitoba PC Party win election

1960 – Dwight Eisenhower cancels trip to Japan

1972 – Pierre Trudeau starts the Churchill Falls hydro electric power station

1976 – Pierre Trudeau visits Washington

1981 – Ronald Reagan presents Congressional Gold Medal to Ken Taylor

1984 – John Turner wins leadership of Liberal Party

1991 – Brian Mulroney holds joint press conference with Germany’s Helmut Kohl

2008 – Dalton McGuinty’s government announces two new nuclear reactors at Darlington plant

2017 – Donald Trump reinstates Cuban travel and business restrictions


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Duff Roblin, 14th Manitoba Premier

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Ernie Eves, 23rd Ontario Premier

1864 – Sir John A. Macdonald hosts opposition leaders to discuss coalition

1950 – Robert Kennedy married Ethel Kennedy

1977 – Joe Biden married Jill Jacobs

1980 – Jean Chretien co-chairs constitutional talks in Ottawa

1980 – Roy Romanow co-chairs constitutional talks in Ottawa

1982 – Ronald Reagan makes first address to United Nations

1988 – Brian Mulroney welcomes G-7 leaders to Toronto

1996 – Sheila Copps re-elected in by-election after resigning over broken GST promise


1812 – James Madison asks Congress to declare war on Britain

1940 – William Lyon Mackenzie King proposes National Resources Mobilization Bill which includes registration and training of men 21-45

1962 – John Diefenbaker and the PC Party win minority in election

1973 – Richard Nixon hosts Leonid Brezhnev

1975 – Pierre Trudeau creates the Federal Investment Review Agency (FIRA)

1979 – Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign Salt II Treaty

1985 – Frank Miller defeated on a series of confidence motions

1991 – Michael Wilson suspends export of automatic arms to Middle East


1778 – George Washington’s troops leave Valley Forge

1900 – Republican Party re-nominates William McKinley for President

1934 – Mitch Hepburn and the Ontario Liberals win election

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt signs Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act

1959 – Dwight Eisenhower’s choice for Secretary of Commerce rejected by Senate

1991 – Jean Chretien hires new Chief of Staff

2013 – Bob Rae leaves politics after 35 year career


1882 – Sir John A. Macdonald and the National Liberal-Conservative Party wins federal election

1897 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier attends Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee

1940 – William Lyon Mackenzie King passes a conscription law that fulfils his earlier pledge

1947 – Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act

1956 – Tommy Douglas and the Saskatchewan CCF win 4th straight election

1967 – Lester Pearson opens National Library and Archives building

1985 – Rene Levesque announces he will resign as Parti Quebecois leader

1986 – Ronald Reagan has 2 polyps removed from colon

1988 – Lucien Bouchard wins Lac-St.-Jean by-election

1991 – Brian Mulroney attends conference on Security and Co-Operation in Europe

1991 – Robert Bourassa passes bill requiring referendum on sovereignty

1992 – John Savage wins leadership of Nova Scotia Liberal Party

1997 – Preston Manning announces he will move into Stornaway


HAPPY BIRTHDAY 1st Marquess of Dufferin, 3rd Governor General of Canada

1870 – Sir Charles Tupper appointed President of the Privy Council

1937 – Richard Nixon marries Pat Ryan

1940 – William Lyon Mackenzie King brings in conscription for homeland service

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt meets with Winston Churchill in Washington

1957 – John Diefenbaker sworn in as 13th Prime Minister of Canada

1957 – Louis St. Laurent resigns as Prime Minister

1968 – Earl Warren resigns from Supreme Court

1982 – Ronald Reagan’s would be assassin found not guilty by reason of insanity

1985 – Rene Levesque resigns as Quebec Premier

1986 – Ronald Reagan gives speech defending judicial appointments

1990 – Brian Mulroney flies to Newfoundland to address legislature over Meech Lake

1995 – Roy Romanow and the Saskatchewan NDP win a second majority


1864 – Sir John A. Macdonald welcomes George Brown into coalition cabinet

1935 – Richard BennettĀ meets On to Ottawa trekkers

1944 – Franklin Roosevelt signs GI Bill of Rights


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Paul Martin Sr., former cabinet minister

1887 – Sir John A. Macdonald passes Rocky Mountain Parks Act, creating Banff National Park

1896 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal Party win the federal election

1929 – Sir William Fielding passed away

1930 – Nelson Rockefeller married Mary Todhunter Clark

1936 – William Lyon Mackenzie King convinced to replace the CRBC with the CBC

1947 – Harry Truman’s veto of Taft-Hartley is overridden by congress

1963 – John Kennedy tours Western Europe

1971 – Robert Bourassa rejects the Victoria Charter constitutional package

1971 – Alan Blakeney and the Saskatchewan NDP win election

1972 – Richard Nixon signs act barring sexual discrimination in college sports

1972 – Richard Nixon agrees to use CIA to cover up Watergate

1974 – John Diefenbaker sworn in as an MP for a record 12th time

1986 – Ronald Reagan refused invitation to address House of Representatives

1987 – Robert Bourassa and the Quebec National Assembly ratify the Meech Lake Accord

1990 – Jean Chretien wins leadership of Liberal Party

1990 – Brian Mulroney went on TV to announce the Meech Lake Accord was dead

1990 – Robert Bourassa announces he will not, again, meet with provincial Premiers on the constitution

1992 – Brian Mulroney announces purchase of 50 helicopters for the military

2010 – Stephen Harper apologizes to families of Air India flight 182 bombing


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jean Charest, 29th Quebec Premier

1834 – George-Etienne Cartier sings “O Canada, Mon Pays, Mes Amours” at founding of St-Jean Baptiste Society

1904 – Arthur Meighen marries Jessie Isabel Cox

1909 – Lady Aberdeen hosts conference of The International Council of Women

1940 – Mackenzie King says, government I lead will not bring in measures for conscription of Canadians for service overseas

1948 – Tommy Douglas wins second majority

1948 – Thomas Dewey nominated for President by Republican convention

1968 – Pierre Trudeau showered with rocks and bottles while on reviewing stand at St-Jean Baptiste parade

1974 – Pierre Trudeau says Canada will not seek extradition of FLQ members who fled

1977 – IRS reveals Jimmy Carter paid no taxes in 1976

1990 – Brian Mulroney says no more constitutional talks without Quebec’s participation


1878 – George Walkem forms his second government

1926 – William Lyon Mackenzie King defeated on motion of censure in House of Commons

1929 – Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (renamed Hoover Dam)

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt issues executive order 8802 forbidding discrimination

1942 – Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

1948 – Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill bringing 205,000 Europeans to the US

1957 – George Drew appointed Canada’s High Commissioner to Britain

1963 – John Kennedy speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt, Germany

1968 – Pierre Trudeau and the Liberal Party win general election

1968 – Ed Broadbent first elected to House of Commons

1969 – Ed Schreyer and the Manitoba NDP win election

1978 – Pierre Trudeau meets with Margaret Thatcher to discuss patriation of constitution

1990 – George H. W. Bush welcomes Nelson Mandela to the White House

1993 – Kim Campbell sworn in as Canada’s first female Prime Minister

1993 – Jean Charest becomes Canada’s Deputy Prime Minister

1998 – Supreme Court rules in Clinton v. City of New York that line item veto is unconstitutional

2015 – Barack Obama’s subsidies in Affordable Care Act upheld by Supreme Court


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sir Robert Borden, Canada’s 8th Prime Minister

1797 – John Quincy Adams marries Louisa Johnson

1835 – Sir John A. Macdonald opens his own law office in Kingston

1877 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier denounces clergy interference in elections

1926 – William Lyon Mackenzie King asks Governor General for election and is refused

1934 – Franklin Roosevelt signs Federal Credit Union Act

1947 – Richard Bennett passed away

1957 – John Diefenbaker attends Commonwealth Prime Ministers conference in London

1957 – Dwight Eisenhower and Queen Elizabeth II open St. Lawrence Seaway

1961 – John Diefenbaker opens the Hockey Hall of Fame

1963 – John Kennedy gives “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech in West Germany

1985 – David Peterson sworn in as Ontario Premier

1990 – Kim Campbell introduces gun legislation banning certain semi-automatic assault weapons

1990 – Jacques Parizeau and Lucien Bouchard meet to discuss forming a separatist party in Ottawa

1993 – Bill Clinton launches missile attack into Baghdad intelligence headquarters

1995 – Mike Harris sworn in as Ontario Premier


HAPPY BIRTHDAY Ross Perot, 3rd Party Presidential Candidate

1949 – Louis St. Laurent and the Liberal Party win federal election

1950 – Harry Truman order US Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict

1962 – Ross Perot starts Electronic Data Systems

1963 – John Kennedy spends first full day in Ireland

1969 – Richard Nixon begins visit to Ottawa

1973 – Watergate Committee learns of Richard Nixon’s “enemies list”

1974 – Richard Nixon visits USSR

1975 – Pierre Trudeau opens L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Park

1984 – Pierre Trudeau wins Albert Einstein Peace Prize

1988 – Joe Clark meets with Soviet Ambassador over expulsion of Soviet diplomats from Canada

1991 – Brian Mulroney hires Hugh Segal as senior advisor

1993 – Don Henley booed at concert for dedicating song to Bill Clinton

2008 – Court clears Jean Chretien of responsibility for Sponsorship Scandal


HAPPY BIRTHDAY David Johnston, 28th Governor General of Canada

1838 – Lord Durham banishes 8 Patriote leaders to Bermuda without trial

1919 – Harry Truman marries Elizabeth Truman

1925 – William Lyon Mackenzie King resigns his government in advance of confidence motion

1935 – Franklin Roosevelt orders gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky

1961 – John Diefenbaker announces drought relief for farmers

1965 – John Robarts opens Trans-Canada Highway from Fort Frances to Atikokan

1965 – Lyndon Johnson authorizes first US ground combat forces in Vietnam

1973 – Ed Schreyer and the Manitoba NDP win re-election

1977 – Supreme Court allows Federal control of Richard Nixon’s tapes and papers

1992 – Dorothy Bush marries Bobby Koch

2004 – Paul Martin and the Liberal Party win a minority in the election


1914 – James Whitney and the Ontario PC Party win a 4th straight election

1926 – Arthur Meighen sworn in as Prime Minister for a second time

1936 – Franklin Roosevelt presents the US Congressional Gold Medal to George Cohan

1978 – Walter Mondale begins visit to Middle East

2002 – George W. Bush undergoes a colonoscopy

2006 – Supreme Court rules George W. Bush’s plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals is unconstitutional


1864 – The Great Coalition Ministry begins with Reformers joining Sir John A. Macdonald’s government

1865 – 8 conspirators in Abraham Lincoln assassination are found guilty

1923 – William Lyon Mackenzie King passes An Act Respecting Chinese Immigration which defines Chinese persons excluded from Canada

1941 – William Lyon Mackenzie King brings in bill confirming no conscription

1948 – William Lyon Mackenzie King gives final speech in House of Commons

1960 – John Diefenbaker opens Ottawa International Airport

1971 – Alan Blakeney sworn in as Saskatchewan’s 10th Premier

1973 – Joe Clark marries Maureen McTeer

1977 – Jimmy Carter ends the B-1A bomber

1984 – John Turner sworn in as Canada’s 17th Prime Minister

1984 – Pierre Trudeau officially steps down as Prime Minister

1987 – Brian Mulroney joins the majority in the House of Commons in rejecting a return of capital punishment
1997 – Angus Reid reports that only 30% of Canadian students know Sir John A. Macdonald is Canada’s first Prime Minister
2001 – Quebec agrees to compensation for the “Maurice Duplessis Orphans”
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