Today in History (December)

1

1824 – House of Representatives begins process that made John Quincy Adams president

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill & Joseph Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)

1975 – Gerald Ford visits China

1978 – Jimmy Carter more than doubles national park system

1994 – Lucien Bouchard struck by flesh eating disease

1996 – Dalton McGuinty elected leader Ontario Liberal Party

2

1893 – Lord Aberdeen opens Royal Victoria Hospital

1942 – William Lyon Mackenzie King proposes new world order based on human rights and universal rule of law

1963 – Queen Elizabeth II phones Lester Pearson via COMPAC

1968 – Richard Nixon names Henry Kissinger as security advisor

1985 – Robert Bourassa and the Quebec Liberal Party win election

1989 – Audrey McLaughlin wins NDP leadership

1996 – Lucien Bouchard sworn in as Quebec’s 27th Premier

2006 – Stephane Dion elected leader Liberal Party of Canada

2006 – Ed Stelmach elected leader of Alberta PC party

2009 – Stephen Harper arrives on first visit to China

2016 – Donald Trump takes a call from Taiwan’s President

3

1953 – Dwight Eisenhower criticizes Joe McCarthy over allegations of Communists in party

1971 – Richard Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa’s sentence

1989 – George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev declare cold war over

2009 – Stephen Harper begins a 4 day visit to China

2015 – William Bennett passes away

4

1783 – George Washington bids farewell to officers at Fraunce’s Tavern in New York City

1837 – Francis Bond Head puts family on steamer to protect against rebels

1918 – Woodrow Wilson sets sail for Versailles becoming first President to travel outside US while in office

1933 – Franklin Roosevelt creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt meets with Winston Churchill & Ismet Inonu in Cairo

1972 – David Crombie and his Civic Action Party win Toronto elections

1973 – Pierre Trudeau passes law outlawing electronic surveillance

1974 – Pierre Trudeau visits Washington

1981 – Ronald Reagan’s executive order allows CIA to engage in domestic counter-intelligence

1985 – Ronald Reagan appoints John Poindexter as security advisor

1992 – George H. W. Bush orders U.S. troops to Somalia

1995 – Brian Tobin signs UN treaty on migrating fish stocks

2008 – Stephen Harper asks Governor General to prorogue parliament to prevent coalition

5

1792 – George Washington re-elected as President

1831 – Former President John Quincy Adams takes seat in House of Representatives

1912 – Sir Robert Borden’s government introduces Naval Aid Bill

1912 – Sir Robert Borden proposes gift to Britain to assist with rearmament

1946 – Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights

1992 – Ralph Klein elected leader of the Alberta Progressive Conservative Party

2003 – Jean Charest spearheads formation of Council of the Federation

6

1862 – Abraham Lincoln orders hanging of 39 Santee Sioux indians

1921 – William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Liberal Party win election

1921 – Arthur Meighen loses seat in House of Commons

1928 – William Lyon Mackenzie King appoints Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting

1973 – Pierre Trudeau announces creation of Petro Canada

1973 – Gerald Ford sworn in as first un-elected Vice President

1975 – Bob Dole marries Elizabeth Hanford

1982 – Ted Kennedy and Joan Kennedy get divorced

1994 – Jacques Parizeau sets groundwork for referendum on separation

7

1837 – Francis Bond Head orders military to Montgomery’s Tavern in Toronto

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt returns to US after Cairo meeting

1944 – William Lyon Mackenzie King wins confidence vote over conscription

1978 – Ed Schreyer appointed Governor General of Canada

1980 – Rene Levesque calls constitutional repatriation a coup d’etat by a dictator

2015 – Donald Trump proposes banning all Muslims from entering the US

8

1776 – George Washington retreats across the Delaware River in New Jersey

1837 – Sir Francis Bond Head orders confrontation with rebels south of Hamilton

1863 – Abraham Lincoln issues Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Southern Reconstruction

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt delivers “Day of Infamy” speech to Congress

1953 – John Diefenbaker marries Olive Palmer

1953 – Dwight Eisenhower gives “Atoms for Peace” speech to the United Nations

1959 – Dwight Eisenhower watches cricket match while at Karachi

1970 – John Robarts announces resignation as Ontario Premier

1987 – Ronald Reagan & Mikhail Gorbachev sign treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles

1993 – Bill Clinton signs NAFTA into law

2006 – Stephen Harper passes Federal Accountability Act

2008 – Jean Charest and the Quebec Liberal Party win election

2016 – John Glenn passes away

9

1939 – Arthur Meighen officially resigns as Conservative Party leader

1957 – Lester Pearson accepts Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo

1975 – Gerald Ford signs loan authorization for New York City

1979 – John Crosbie introduces “tough budget”

2003 – Paul Simon passes away

2005 – Bill Clinton speaks at Montreal climate conference

10

1904 – Earl Grey sworn in as Canada’s 9th Governor General

1919 – Woodrow Wilson awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

1936 – Edward VIII signs Instrument of Abdication

1941 – Louis St. Laurent sworn in as Minister of Justice

1984 – Brian Mulroney tells New York audience that “Canada is open for business again”

1990 – Jean Chretien wins by-election in Beausejour

2005 – Eugene McCarthy passes away

2008 – Michael Ignatieff selected as interim leader of Liberal Party

2009 – Barack Obama accepts the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo

11

HAPPY BIRTHDAY John Kerry, 68th US Secretary of State

1753 – George Washington arrives in Ohio Valley with 3 Indian Chiefs to counter French

1928 – Assassination attempt on Herbert Hoover

1942 – John Bracken wins leadership of PC Party

1948 – Joey Smallwood signs Confederation Agreement for Newfoundland

1957 – Lester Pearson delivers his Nobel Peace Prize Lecture

1961 – John Kennedy provides US military helicopters & crews to South Vietnam

1975 – Bill Bennett and the British Columbia Social Credit win election

1983 – Gary Filmon elected leader of Manitoba PC Party

1993 – Stephen Harper marries Laureen Teskey

2003 – Jean Chretien announces resignation as Liberal leader and Prime Minister

2003 – Labour holds province wide protest against Jean Charest

12

1753 – George Washington delivers ultimatum to French at Fort Le Boeuf

1866 – Sir John A. Macdonald’s London hotel room catches fire

1946 – Maurice Duplessis’ government faces protests in Montreal over despotism

1952 – Jimmy Carter part of clean up team at Chalk River spill

1975 – Gerald Ford would be assassin Sara Jane Moore pleads guilty

1985 – Robert Bourassa sworn in as Quebec Premier for 2nd time

1991 – Kim Campbell brings in new rape shield law

1992 – Jacques Parizeau marries Lisette Lapointe

1996 – Jean Chretien names Lise Thibault as Lieutenant Governor of Quebec

1998 – Mo Udall passed away

2000 – US Supreme Court releases decision in Bush v. Gore

2003 – Paul Martin sworn in as 21st Prime Minister of Canada

13

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Mary Todd Lincoln, former first lady

1964 – Lyndon Johnson & Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off explosion diverting Rio Grande

1979 – Joe Clark loses non-confidence vote in House of Commons

1993 – Kim Campbell resigns as leader of the PC Party

1995 – Lucien Bouchard resigns from House of Commons to run for Parti Quebecois leadership

1999 – Jean Chretien introduces in the Clarity Act

2000 – Al Gore delivers his concession speech

2003 – Paul Martin cancels the sponsorship program

14

1799 – George Washington passed away

1929 – William Lyon Mackenzie King transfers control of natural resources to Alberta & Manitoba

1956 – John Diefenbaker wins leadership of PC Party

1964 – Lester Pearson invokes closure during flag debate

1967 – Lester Pearson announces he will resign as Liberal party leader

1992 – Ralph Klein sworn in as Alberta’s 12th Premier

1998 – Paul Martin prohibits banks from merging

2003 – George W. Bush announces capture of Saddam Hussein

2006 – Ed Stelmach sworn in as Alberta’s 13th Premier

2008 – George W. Bush has shoes thrown at him by journalist while in Iraq

15

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower receives 5th star from Congress

1961 – John Kennedy visits Puerto Rico

1995 – Jacques Parizeau resigns as Quebec Premier

2006 – George W. Bush presents Presidential Medal of Freedom to B.B. King

2015 – Justin Trudeau attends reading of final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission

2015 – Stephen Harper’s decision to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol takes effect

16

1950 – Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against communist imperialism

1953 – Dwight Eisenhower holds first ever White House press conference

1978 – Ronald Reagan denounces US recognition of PR China

1980 – Ronald Reagan announces Alexander Haig as Secretary of State

1990 – Brian Mulroney sets up Beaudoin-Edwards Committee on Constitutional Reform

1996 – Jean Chretien apologizes for not telling truth about eliminating GST

1997 – Bill Clinton names new dog Buddy

2002 – Jean Chretien formally signs the Kyoto Protocols

2003 – Robert Stanfield passed away

2010 – Sterling Lyon passes away

17

HAPPY BIRTHDAY William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canada’s 10th Prime Minister

1777 – George Washington’s army returns to Valley Forge, PA

1917 – Sir Robert Borden’s Unionist Government wins general election

1945 – William Lyon Mackenzie King passes orders in council allowing deportation of Japanese Canadians

1946 – Paul Martin Sr. sworn is in as Minister of National Health and Welfare

1975 – Gerald Ford’s would be assassin Lynette Fromme sentenced to life in prison

1991 – Joey Smallwood passes away

1992 – Brian Mulroney signs North American Free Trade Agreement

1996 – Gilles Duceppe declares candidacy for Bloc Quebecois leadership

18

1799 – George Washington interred at Mount Vernon

1979 – Pierre Trudeau postpones retirement to lead Liberals into election

1988 – Robert Bourassa uses “notwithstanding clause” to pass Bill 178 language law

1990 – George H. W. Bush reiterates “no concessions” to Iraq

1992 – John Crosbie cuts groundfish quotas

19

1777 – George Washington settles troops in Valley Forge for the winter

1950 – Dwight Eisenhower named NATO commander

1961 – John Diefenbaker speaks with Queen Elizabeth via new CANTAT cable

1974 – Nelson Rockefeller sworn in as Vice-President

1988 – Gary Filmon withdraws Meech Lake Accord ratification resolution from Manitoba legislature

1998 – 2 articles of impeachment against Bill Clinton forwarded to the Senate

20

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Judy LaMarsh, former Liberal cabinet minister

1883 – Edward Blake sworn in as Ontario Premier

1901 – W. S. Fielding assures Gugleilmo Marconi of a warm welcome in Nova Scotia

1978 – Richard Nixon’s Chief of Staff, H. R. Haldeman, released from jai

1979 – Rene Levesque announces referendum on sovereignty-association

1988 – Robert Bourassa has 3 ministers resign over Bill 178 language law

2010 – Stephen Harper makes 2 Senate appointments, giving Conservatives majority in Senate

21

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Edward Schreyer, former Governor General of Canada

1907 – Earl Grey gives lecture at founding of Women’s Canadian Club

1961 – John Kennedy meets Harold MacMillan in Bermuda

1964 – Paul Hellyer announces military purchase program

1987 – Jacques Parizeau accepts presidency of Parti Quebecois

1988 – Robert Bourassa passes Bill 178 language law

1989 – Dan Quayle sends out Christmas card with spelling error

1990 – Jean Chretien becomes leader of the opposition

1992 – John Crosbie says Europeans will stop overfishing outside Canada’s 200 mile limit

22

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Lucien Bouchard, former Premier of Quebec

1967 – Pierre Trudeau says “There is no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation”

1968 – Julie Nixon married David Eisenhower

1969 – Pierre Trudeau meets with John Lennon & Yoko Ono

1975 – William Bennett sworn in as BC Premier

1975 – Gerald Ford signs Energy Policy & Conservation Act

1976 – Olive Diefenbaker passed away

1980 – Ronald Reagan appoints Jeane Kirkpatrick & James Watt to cabinet

1995 – Lucien Bouchard announces candidacy for Parti Quebecois leadership

2010 – Barack Obama signs repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

23

1783 – George Washington resigns as Commander in Chief of army

1983 – Jeanne Sauve appointed Canada’s first female Governor General

1987 – Gerald Ford’s would be assassin Lynette Fromme escapes from prison

24

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Joey Smallwood, first Premier of Newfoundland

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt appoints new Supreme Commander of Allied forces

1943 – Dwight Eisenhower appointed Supreme Commander of the Allied forces

25

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Justin Trudeau, leader Liberal Party of Canada

1776 – George Washington crosses Delaware

26

1776 – George Washington defeats Hessians at Battle of Trenton

1799 – George Washington eulogized “1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen”

1972 – Harry Truman passes away

2006 – Gerald Ford passed away

27

1972 – Lester Pearson passed away

1985 – Ronald Reagan blames Libya for terrorist attacks in Rome & Vienna

28

HAPPY BIRTHDAY David Peterson, former Ontario Premier

1857 – Thomas D’Arcy McGee elected MLA for Montreal West

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower meets with Bernard Montgomery

1973 – Richard Nixon signs the Endangered Species Act

1977 – Pierre Trudeau tours NORAD headquarters

1980 – Pierre Trudeau discusses constitution in year end interview on CTV

29

1921 – William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes Canada’s Prime Minister

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower’s train returns to Versailles

1992 – John Crosbie bans capture of beluga whales for export

30

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jim Flaherty, former Canadian finance minister

1881 – Marquis of Lorne founds the Royal Society of Canada

1963 – John Kennedy half dollar authorized by Congress

1972 – Richard Nixon halts bombing of North Vietnam

1972 – Richard Nixon announces peace talks with North Vietnam

1977 – Jimmy Carter hold first ever Presidential press conference in Eastern Europe

1988 – Ronald Reagan receives subpoena from Oliver North’s defense

1988 – George H. W. Bush receives subpoena from Oliver North’s defense

31

1857 – George-Etienne Cartier advises Queen Victoria to pick Ottawa as capital

1862 – Abraham Lincoln signs act admitting West Virginia into Union

1946 – Harry Truman proclaims end of World War II

1966 – Lester Pearson lights Centennial Flame on Parliament Hill

1970 – Dwight Eisenhower dollar authorized by Congress