Today in History (November)

1

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Ralph Klein, 12th Alberta Premier

1838 – Lord Durham sails for London to report on the state of the Canadas

1893 – Statue of Sir John A. Macdonald unveiled at Gore Park

1902 – Lord Minto receives first “world circulating telegraph message”

1913 – Woodrow Wilson demands that Mexican dictator Huerta resign

1921 – Zoe Lafontaine (Mrs. Wilfrid Laurier) passes away

1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists try to kill Harry Truman at Blair House

1955 – Lester Pearson opens Canada Dam in India

1971 – Dwight Eisenhower dollar put into circulation

1977 – Jimmy Carter raises minimum wage from $2.20 to $3.35 effective in 1981

1979 – Mamie Eisenhower passes away

1985 – Don Getty sworn in as Alberta’s 11th Premier

1987 – Rene Levesque passes away

1987 – Preston Manning elected as first leader of Reform Party

1991 – Roy Romanow sworn in as Saskatchewan’s 12th Premier

2005 – Gomery Commission preliminary report criticizes Jean Chretien for setting up program

2005 – Gomery Commission preliminary report clears Paul Martin

2015 – Fred Thompson passes away

2

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Warren Harding, 29th US President

1783 – George Washington bids farewell to his army after the revolutionary war

1920 – Warren Harding elected US President

1935 – John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, sworn in as Canada’s 15th Governor General

1948 – Harry Truman is re-elected US President

1976 – Jimmy Carter elected as US President

1982 – Peter Lougheed and the Alberta Progressive Conservative Party win re-election

1983 – Ronald Reagan signs bill establishing Martin Luther King Jr. holiday

1993 – Rudy Giuliani elected first Republican Mayor of New York City since 1965

3

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Michael Dukakis, 65th & 67th Massachusetts Governor

1783 – George Washington orders Continental Army disbanded

1873 – Sir John A. Macdonald gives 5 hour speech in defence of himself on Pacific Scandal

1896 – William McKinley is elected US President

1904 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier and Liberal Party win election

1927 – William Lyon Mackenzie King makes first transatlantic phone call

1936 – Franklin Roosevelt is re-elected US President

1964 – Paul Hellyer announces disbanding of 60 militia units

1964 – Lyndon Johnson is re-elected US President

1970 – Richard Nixon promises gradual troop withdrawal from Vietnam

1981 – Rene Levesque tries to get compromise on constitutional talks

1983 – Jesse Jackson launches first presidential campaign

1988 – Ronald Reagan signs credit card disclosure bill

1992 – Bill Clinton is elected US President

1997 – Jean Chretien and Jody Williams push a button to destroy the last land mines in the Canadian arsenal

4

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Michael Wilson, former PC Party Minister, former Canadian Ambassador to US

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Laura Bush, former first lady of the United States

1842 – Abraham Lincoln marries Mary Todd

1873 – Sir John A. Macdonald and Donald Smith clash in Parliament over CPR contract

1952 – Dwight Eisenhower is elected US President

1956 – Lester Pearson proposes UN Peacekeeping force in Suez

1956 – Rene Levesque premiers on Pointe de Mire radio show

1980 – Ronald Reagan is elected US President

1981 – Pierre Trudeau proposes referendum on constitutional package

1990 – Brian Mulroney apologizes to Italian Canadians interned in World War II

1993 – Jean Chretien sworn in as Canada’s 20th Prime Minister

1993 – Jean Chretien cancels EH-101 helicopter deal

2008 – Barack Obama elected first African-American president

2010 – Jim Prentice announces his retirement from politics

2015 – Justin Trudeau sworn in as Canada’s 23rd Prime Minister

5

1873 – Sir John A. Macdonald resigns over Pacific Scandal allegations

1912 – Woodrow Wilson is re-elected US President

1940 – Franklin Roosevelt wins unprecedented third term as US President

1946 – John Kennedy elected to US House of Representatives

1956 – Lester Pearson’s Suez peace plan accepted by United Nations

1963 – Lyndon Johnson visits the Netherlands

1967 – Robert Stanfield elected leader of Progressive Conservative Party of Canada

1968 – Richard Nixon is elected US President

1977 – George W. Bush marries Laura Welch

1981 – Pierre Trudeau signs constitutional accord with 9 Premiers

1983 – Pierre Trudeau appoints Royal Commission on economy

1991 – Michael Harcourt sworn in as British Columbia’s 30th Premier

1992 – Brian Mulroney invites US President-elect to Canada

1992 – Bill Clinton invited to Canada by Prime Minister

1995 – Aline Chretien stops intruder at 24 Sussex Dr.

6

1860 – Abraham Lincoln elected US President

1867 – George-Etienne Cartier’s motion on Rupert’s Land entry into Canada is adopted

1900 – William McKinley re-elected as US President

1919 – George Foster reads message from King George V regarding remembering the sacrifice of soldiers

1928 – Herbert Hoover elected US President

1956 – Dwight Eisenhower re-elected US President

1962 – Teddy Kennedy first elected to US Senate

1984 – Ronald Reagan wins re-election as US President

1984 – John Buchanan and the Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative Party win re-election

1986 – Ronald Reagan signs immigration bill

1990 – Robert Bourassa gives direction to Belanger-Campeau commission

2012 – Barack Obama re-elected US President

7

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Audrey McLaughlin, 4th leader New Democratic Party of Canada

1873 – Edward Blake sworn into cabinet as Minister Without Portfolio

1900 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal Party win election

1916 – Woodrow Wilson re-elected US President

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt gives first foreign language broadcast

1944 – Franklin Roosevelt wins 4th term as President

1957 – William Bennett opens West Arm Bridge at Nelson, BC

1962 – Richard Nixon tells press they won’t have him to kick around any more

1967 – Lyndon Johnson signs bill creating Corporation for Public Broadcasting

1972 – Richard Nixon wins re-election as President

1991 – Kim Campbell passes gun control law
2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton elected to the US Senate
2009 – Ed Stelmach gets 7% support in review vote of Alberta Progressive Conservative Party delegates
8
1838 – George-Etienne Cartier returns from exile on promise of good behaviour
1864 – Abraham Lincoln re-elected US President
1867 – Sir John A. Macdonald opens debate on first ever thrown speech
1919 – Robert Borden departs Ottawa for Paris Peace Conference
1932 – Franklin Roosevelt elected US Presidential
1932 – Maurice Duplessis elected leader of Quebec Conservative Party
1933 – Franklin Roosevelt creates Civil Works Administration
1935 – Maurice Duplessis founds the Union Nationale
1940 – William Lyon Mackenzie King appoints commission on a new Canadian flag
1942 – Dwight Eisenhower leads Operation Torch forces into French North Africa
1960 – John Kennedy elected US President
1961 – John Robarts sworn in as 17th Ontario Premier
1965 – Lester Pearson and the Liberal Party win re-election
1965 – Pierre Trudeau first wins election to House of Commons
1966 – Ronald Reagan elected Governor of California
1966 – Lyndon Johnson signs anti-trust immunity to AFL-NFL merger
1983 – Pierre Trudeau meets with 6 European leaders while on peace tour
1988 – George H. W. Bush elected US president
1991 – Brian Mulroney announces economic sanctions against Yugoslavia
2001 – Herb Gray breaks the record for most consecutive days as a Canadian Member of Parliament
2014 – Barack Obama authorises military deployment to train Iraqi and Kurdish forces
2016 – Donald Trump elected US President
9
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Spiro Agnew, 55th Maryland Governor, 39th US Vice President
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sargent Shriver, 1972 Democratic Vice Presidential candidate
1835 – George-Etienne Cartier called to the bar of Lower Canada
1860 – John A. Macdonald begins speaking tour of western Ontario
1937 – Police begin upholding Maurice Duplessis’ Padlock Law
1946 – Harry Truman ends wage and price freeze
1961 – John Diefenbaker announces the Canadian Museum of History
10
1900 – Sir Charles Tupper steps down as head of Conservative Party
1972 – Dave Barrett and the British Columbia New Democratic Party win election
1987 – Pierre-Marc Johnson quits politics
1989 – Brian Mulroney convenes first ministers conference on Meech Lake Accord
2008 – Stephen Harper and Provincial Premiers agree on infrastructure stimulus
2012 – Barack Obama wins the Electoral College vote
11
1897 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier meets US Secretary of State in Washington
1916 – Sir Robert Borden asks his Minister of Militia and Defence to resign
1921 – Warren Harding dedicates Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery
1983 – Ronald Reagan becomes first US President to address Japanese Parliament
1989 – Joe Clark signs papers making Canada member of Organization of American States
2010 – Stephen Harper pays tribute to veterans with Prince Charles at National War Memorial
2010 – Stephen Harper announces continuation of forces in Afghanistan to train local army
2014 – David Johnston rededicates the National War Memorial in the name of all who have died in the service of Canada
12
1775 – George Washington forbids the recruiting of blacks
1898 – The Earl of Minto sworn in as 8th Governor General of Canada
1909 – William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes Minister of Labour
1921 – Sir Robert Borden represents Canada at Conference on the Limitation of Armaments
1941 – Arthur Meighen elected leader of Conservative Party for a second time
1970 – Richard Hatfield and the New Brunswick Progressive Conservative Party win election
1979 – Jimmy Carter freezes Iranian assets and halts Iranian oil imports
1990 – Robert Bourassa enters hospital for diagnostic tests
1991 – Jack Layton loses Toronto Mayoral race
1998 – Al Gore symbolically signs Kyoto Protocol
2015 – Barack Obama named “Ally of the Year” by Out Magazine
13
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Fred Harris, former Oklahoma Senator
1956 – Louis St. Laurent announces creation of Canada Council
1969 – Spiro Agnew accused TV news departments of bias and distortion
1970 – Spiro Agnew calls TV executives “impudent snobs”
1979 – Ronald Reagan announces he will run for President
1984 – Pierre Trudeau wins Albert Einstein Peace Prize
1986 – Ronald Reagan admits to arms sales to Iran
2001 – George W. Bush signs executive order allowing for military tribunals against foreigners
2001 – George W. Bush orders Strategic Petroleum Reserve be filled
14
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Mamie Eisenhower, former first lady
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Condoleezza Rice, former Secretary of State
1778 – George Washington writes that French will help in Canada to regain “New France”
1781 – George Washington is told that the people of Vermont would rather join Canada than be subject to New York
1935 – Franklin Roosevelt proclaims Philippines a free commonwealth
1945 – Louis St. Laurent urges keeping red ensign in a flag debate
1953 – Dwight Eisenhower addresses Canadian House of Commons
1998 – Joe Clark elected leader of Progressive Conservative Party
2003 – Paul Martin elected leader of Liberal Party
15
HAPPY BIRTHDAY George Walkem, 3rd & 5th British Columbia Premier
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Curtis Le May, former independent vice-presidential candidate
1920 – George Foster leads Canadian delegation to first League of Nations meeting
1935 – William Lyon Mackenzie King signs reciprocal trade deal with United States
1939 – Franklin Roosevelt lays cornerstone at Jefferson Memorial
1948 – William Lyon Mackenzie King retires as Canada’s longest serving Prime Minister
1948 – Louis St. Laurent sworn in as Canada’s 12th Prime Minister
1967 – Judy LaMarsh opens Museum of Science & Technology in Ottawa
1973 – Maurice Duplessis play, “Charbonneau et le chef” premiers
1976 – Rene Levesque and the Parti Quebecois win election
1977 – Jimmy Carter welcomes the Shah of Iran
1983 – Pierre Trudeau begins 19 peace tour of Asia
1990 – George H. W. Bush passes Clean Air Act
1995 – Mike Harcourt resigns as British Columbia Premier
16
1933 – Franklin Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
1935 – William Lyon Mackenzie King signs trade agreement with US
1950 – Harry Truman proclaims emergency crises caused by communist threat
1959 – Leslie Frost turns sod on Young St. subway extension
1961 – John Kennedy increases aid to South Vietnam
1969 – Richard Nixon first President to attend an NFL game
1973 – Richard Nixon authorizes construction of Alaskan pipeline
1981 – Ronald Reagan approves plan to block Cuban aid to Nicaragua and El Salvador
1983 – Margaret Trudeau files for divorce from Pierre Trudeau
1985 – Ronald Reagan arrives in Geneva for summit with Mikhail Gorbachev
1985 – John Sparkman passed away
1988 – Ronald Reagan meets with Margaret Thatcher
1988 – Ronald Reagan meets with Mayor of Jerusalem
1998 – Monica Lewinsky signs book deal about affair with Bill Clinton
2000 – Bill Clinton becomes first president to visit Vietnam since end of Vietnam War
2004 – George W. Bush begins first official visit to Canada
2010 – George W. Bush Presidential Centre groundbreaking occurs
17
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Howard Dean, 79th Governor of Vermont
1863 – Abraham Lincoln begins first draft of Gettysburg Address
1934 – Lyndon Johnson marries Claudia Alta Taylor
1962 – John Kennedy dedicates Dulles International Airport
1973 – Richard Nixon says to AP, “I’m not a crook”
1992 – Kim Campbell announces compensation to brainwashing victims
1993 – Bill Clinton wins vote on NAFTA in House of Representatives
18
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Peter Pocklington, PC Party leadership candidate
1961 – John Kennedy sends 18 000 advisers to Vietnam
2004 – Paul Martin expels Carolyn Parish from caucus
19
1863 – Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address
1896 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier reaches agreement with Manitoba over schools question
1944 – Franklin Roosevelt announces 6th war loan drive
1950 – Dwight Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe
1953 – Richard Nixon visits Hanoi
1967 РRene Levesque founds the Mouvement Souveraineté-Association
1967 – George Smith attends protest march over the closure of DOSCO’s steel mill in Sydney
1985 – Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time
1998 – Impeachment hearings begin against Bill Clinton
2002 – BC Conflict of Interest Commissioner reports that Glen Clark broke the conflict of interest rules
20
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Canada’s 7th Prime Minister
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Robert Kennedy, former Attorney General, former US Senator (D-NY)
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Joseph Biden, Vice-President of the United States
1871 – Wilfrid Laurier first elected to Quebec Assembly
1880 – Sir John A. Macdonald and the CPR syndicate sign the final CPR agreement
1920 – Woodrow Wilson wins Nobel Peace Prize
1956 – Robert Stanfield sworn in as Nova Scotia Premier
1964 – Mount Kennedy named after the late President John Kennedy
1975 – Ronald Reagan announces candidacy for Republican Presidential Nomination
1979 – Pierre Trudeau announces resignation as Liberal leader
1995 – Brian Mulroney files $50 million law suit against justice department and RCMP
1996 – Lucien Bouchard cuts budget of Quebec’s Lieutenant Governor
2001 – George W. Bush dedicates Justice Department building in honour of Robert Kennedy
2013 – Barack Obama presents Ben Bradlee with the Presidential Medal of Freedom
2014 – Barack Obama announces sweeping changes to immigration rules
21
1872 – Lord Dufferin presents statue of Queen Victoria to City of Montreal
1946 – Harry Truman becomes first President to travel in submerged sub
1952 – Don Getty throws 52 yard touchdown with 45 seconds left to win Yates Cup for Western
1959 – Richard Nixon plays a duet with Jack Benny
1963 – John Kennedy flies to Texas
1988 – Brian Mulroney and the Progressive Conservative Party win election
1989 – Brian Mulroney begins official visit to USSR
1989 – George H. W. Bush signs law banning smoking on domestic flights
1990 – Brian Mulroney signs Charter of Paris for Canada
1995 – Lucien Bouchard announces he will run for leadership of Parti Quebecois
22
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Glen Clark, 31st Premier of British Columbia
1903 – Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt become engaged
1943 – Franklin Roosevelt meets with Winston Churchill & Chiang Kai-sheck
1951 – Leslie Frost and the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party win 3rd straight majority
1963 – John Kennedy felled by an assassin’s bullet
1963 – Lyndon Johnson sworn in as 36th President of the United States
1984 – Jacques Parizeau resigns as Quebec finance minister
1990 – George H. W. Bush visits troops in Saudi Arabia
2004 – Ralph Klein and the Alberta Progressive Conservative Party win re-election
2006 – Stephen Harper introduces motion to recognize the Quebecois as a nation within Canada
2016 – Barack Obama posthumously awards the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Grace Hopper
23
1921 – Warren Harding signs law forbidding doctors from prescribing alcohol for medicinal purposes
1944 – William Lyon Mackenzie King reverses conscription policy…sends troops over seas
1952 – Rene Levesque interviews the Van Doos in Korea
1963 – John Kennedy lays in repose in East Room of White House
1963 – Lyndon Johnson declares November 25 a national day of mourning
1981 – Ronald Reagan vetoes House Joint Resolution 357 calling for further appropriations for fiscal year 1982
1988 – Ronald Reagan announces a pocket veto of a bill further restricting lobbying by former federal employees
1995 – Jean Chretien unveils federal unity plan
2014 – Barack Obama criticized for using executive power to push through immigration reform
24
HAPPY BIRTHDAY William Stevens Fielding, 7th Nova Scotia Premier, former finance minister
1937 – Lord Tweedsmuir awards first Governor General’s Literary Award to Bertram Brooker
1944 – After William Lyon Mackenzie King’s conscription announcement, riots in Montreal
1974 – Gerald Ford signs SALT II Treaty with Leonid Brezhnev
1977 – Sterling Lyon sworn in as Manitoba’s 17th Premier
2004 – Paul Martin visits Burkina Faso
2005 – Stephen Harper introduces a motion of non-confidence against the government
2005 – Motion of non-confidence introduced against Paul Martin
25
1857 – John A. Macdonald forms government
1878 – Lord Lorne sworn in as Canada’s 4th Governor General
1957 – Dwight Eisenhower suffers a mild stroke
1963 – John Kennedy laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery
1976 – Rene Levesque sworn in as Quebec’s 23rd Premier
1986 – Ronald Reagan reveals arms deal with Iran
26
1869 – Sir John A. Macdonald refuses to take over Rupert’s Land because of rebellions
1916 – Woodrow Wilson declares, “The business of neutrality is over. The nature of modern war leaves no state untouched”
1967 – John Robarts opens Confederation of Tomorrow conference
1969 – Richard Nixon signs Lottery for Selective Draftees Bill
1977 – Shirley Chisholm marries Arthur Hardwick Jr.
1985 – Richard Nixon’s memoirs purchased for $3 million by Random House
27
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sheila Copps, former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
1896 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier puts Clifford Sifton in charge of immigration
1943 – Franklin Roosevelt meets Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin in Tehran
1944 – William Lyon Mackenzie King loses Air Minister Chubby Power over conscription
1952 – Louis St. Laurent arrives in London for 2 week Commonwealth Conference
1972 – Pierre Trudeau forms new government
1973 – Gerald Ford confirmed by Senate as Vice-President
1973 – Richard Nixon signs the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act
1995 – Jean Chretien announces package fulfilling commitments made during Quebec Referendum
2000 – Jean Chretien and the Liberal Party win re-election
2003 – Stephen Harper fires Larry Spencer as family values critic over anti-gay remarks
2006 – Stephen Harper’s motion declaring Quebecois a nation within a unified Canada passes
28
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Lord Grey, 9th Governor General of Canada
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Gary Hart, former Colorado Senator
1838 – Sir John A. Macdonald serves as counsel to rebels from Battle of the Windmill
1877 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier first elected to House of Commons
1889 – Sir John A. Macdonald sworn in as Minister of Railways and Canals
1943 – Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin map out strategy in Tehran
1983 – Pierre Trudeau begins two day visit to China
1986 – Ronald Reagan exceeds Salt II arms limitations for first time
2002 – Roy Romanow’s commission on Future of Health Care in Canada releases final report
2005 – Stephen Harper’s non-confidence motion brings down government
2005 – Paul Martin’s government loses non-confidence vote
29
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Paul Simon, former Illinois Senator
1952 – Dwight Eisenhower visits Korea
1963 – Lyndon Johnson sets up Warren Commission
1975 – Gerald Ford requires states to provide free education to the handicapped
1991 – Jean Charest announces funding to protect Canadian wildlife
1995 – Mike Harris vows to balance Ontario budget by 2000
1995 – Bill Clinton lifts ban on oil exports from Alaskan North Slope
2004 – Tommy Douglas voted “Greatest Canadian” by CBC viewers
2005 – Paul Martin calls federal election
30
HAPPY BIRTHDAY Shirley Chisholm, former New York Congresswoman
1835 – Francis Bond Head sworn in as Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada
1950 – Harry Truman threatens China with atom bomb
1964 – John Diefenbaker begins filibuster to stop new Canadian flag
1967 – John Robart’s Confederation of Tomorrow conference ends
1967 – Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower announce their engagement
1967 – Eugene McCarthy begins run for the presidency
1986 – John Turner wins confidence of delegates at Liberal convention
1990 – George H. W. Bush offers to send Secretary of State to Iraq to negotiate
1993 – Bill Clinton signs Brady Gun Control bill
1998 – Lucien Bouchard and the Parti Quebecois win election
2004 – George W. Bush begins first state visit to Canada
2007 – 5 hour hostage crisis at Hillary Clinton’s Rochester, NH campaign office