Today in History (October)

1

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jimmy Carter, 39th US President

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sam Yorty, 37th Los Angeles Mayor

1864 – Abraham Lincoln substitute, John Staples, paid $500

1869 – George Desbarats accepts Sir John A. Macdonald’s offer to become first Queen’s Printer of Canada

1909 – Earl Grey lays cornerstone of Alberta’s legislature

1974 – Watergate cover-up trial begins

1986 – Jimmy Carter’s Presidential Library & Museum dedicated in Atlanta

1990 – Bob Rae sworn in as Ontario’s 21st Premier

1990 – George H. W. Bush condemns Iraq’s takeover of Kuwait at United Nations

1992 – Pierre Trudeau comes out against the Charlottetown Accord

1992 – Ross Perot re-enters presidential race

2010 – David Johnston installed as Canada’s 28th Governor General

2011 – Barack Obama appoints Martin Dempsey US Joints Chief of Staff

2

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Sir James Whitney, Ontario’s 6th Premier

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Dave Barrett, British Columbia’s 26th Premier

1789 – George Washington transmits first 10 amendments to constitution to the states

1914 – Sir William Hearst sworn in as Ontario’s 7th Premier

1915 – Arthur Meighen appointed Solicitor General of Canada

1919 – Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke

1937 – Franklin Roosevelt visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site

1948 – George Drew elected leader PC Party of Canada

1958 – Charles Dunning passes away

1980 – Pierre Trudeau says he will unilaterally patriate the constitution

1996 – Robert Bourassa passes away

2003 – Dalton McGuinty and the Ontario Liberal party win election

3

1789 – George Washington proclaims 1st National Thanksgiving for November 26

1863 – Abraham Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day

1874 – Edward Blake makes “Aurora Speech” defining new Canadian nationalism

1913 – Woodrow Wilson signs the Federal Income Tax into law

1927 – William Lyon Mackenzie King makes first transatlantic phone call

1941 – William Lyon Mackenzie King questions price freeze proposed to cabinet

1942 – Franklin Roosevelt forms Office of Economic Stabilization

1985 – Pierre-Marc Johnson sworn in as Quebec’s 28th Premier

1992 – Barack Obama marries Michelle Robinson

2000 – Pierre Trudeau’s state funeral

2006 – Shawn Graham sworn in as New Brunswick’s 31st Premier

2008 – George W. Bush signs bailout bill for US financial system

2009 – Stephen Harper performs Beatles songs with Yo Yo Ma at National Arts Centre

4

1777 – George Washington loses battle of Germantown

1854 – Abraham Lincoln makes first political speech at Illinois State Fair

1909 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier lays first stone at Ecole Technique

1909 – Early Grey lays cornerstone of Saskatchewan legislature

1925 – Earl Warren marries Nina Elisabeth Palmquist

1939 – During election, Maurice Duplessis declares vote for Union National a vote for autonomy against conscription

2000 – Jean Chretien renames Canada’s highest peak as Mount Pierre Elliott Trudeau

2004 – Paul Martin’s minority government sworn in

5

1878 – Lord Lorne appointed Governor General of Canada

1947 – Harry Truman gives first televised address from White House

1953 – Earl Warren sworn in as 14th US Chief Justice

1954 – Louis St. Laurent meets with Quebec Premier to discuss taxation

1954 – Maurice Duplessis meets with Prime Minister to discuss taxation

1970 5:00 PM – October Crises – Pierre Trudeau meets with his cabinet

1970 5:00 PM – October Crises – Robert Bourassa meets with his cabinet

1978 – John Buchanan and the Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative Party win election

1992 – George H. W. Bush veto overturned for the first time

2001 – George W. Bush appoints Tom Ridge as first Homeland Security Advisor

6

1911 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier resigns as Prime Minister after election defeat

1937 – Mitch Hepburn and the Ontario Liberal Party win re-election

1945 – Dwight Eisenhower welcomed in Hague

1946 – Harry Truman questions British Jews about Palestine

1949 – Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act

1959 – John Diefenbaker announces relief for Japanese typhoon victims

1961 – John Diefenbaker receives petition from Canadian Committee for Control of Radiation Hazards

1961 – John Kennedy advises Americans to build fallout shelters

1964 – Louis St. Laurent has Mount St. Laurent named after him

1970 – Mitchell Sharp announces that the government won’t meet the FLQ’s demands

1976 – Gerald Ford claims “no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe

1980 – Pierre Trudeau announces plans to unilaterally patriate the constitution

1983 – Dave Barrett ejected from legislature for defying speaker

2011 – Dalton McGuinty and the Ontario Liberal Party win re-election

7

1963 – John Kennedy signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty

1975 – Dave Barrett forces striking forest, propane, railway and food workers back to work

1992 – Michael Wilson initials the North American Free Trade Agreement for Canada

1996 – Robert Bourassa’s funeral is held

1997 – RCMP ordered to pay $2 million in reparations to Brian Mulroney

1997 – Frank McKenna retires as Premier of New Brunswick

2015 – Barack Obama apologizes to Doctors Without Borders for bombing of a hospital

2016 – Video released of Donald Trump claiming to have groped and kissed women without consent

8

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Jesse Jackson, candidate for President

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Dennis Kucinich, former member US House of Representatives

1846 – Charles Tupper marries Frances Amelia Morse

1944 – Wendell Willkie passes away

1945 – Harry Truman says he will share secrets of atomic bomb with Britain & Canada

1974 – Paul Martin Sr. appointed Canadian High Commissioner to Britain

1981 – Ronald Reagan greets predecessors before sending them to Anwar Sadat’s funeral

1984 – Bill Davis announces he will retire as Ontario Premier

1999 – Bill Clinton dedicates US Embassy in Ottawa

2001 – George W. Bush announces creation of Department of Homeland Security

9

1838 – Lord Durham publishes his resignation in Quebec newspapers

1878 – Sir John A. Macdonald sworn in as Prime Minister

1915 – Woodrow Wilson becomes first President to attend World Series game

1936 – Herbert Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles

1963 – Lester Pearson announces that Canada will allow US to place defensive nuclear weapons in Canada

1991 – George H. W. Bush declares “total confidence” in Clarence Thomas

10

1886 – Sir John A. Macdonald establishes Yoho National Park & Glacier National Park

1911 – Sir Robert Borden sworn in as Canada’s 8th Prime Minister

1957 – Dwight Eisenhower apologizes to Ghana’s President Komla Agbeli Gbdemah

1973 – Pierre Trudeau begins 6 day tour of China

1973 – Spiro Agnew pleads no contest to tax evasion and resigns as Vice-President

1992 – Legal text of Charlottetown Accord released

2004 – Paul Martin begins 2 day visit to Russia

2007 – Dalton McGuinty and the Ontario Liberal Party win re-election

11

1927 – Richard Bennett elected leader of Conservative Party of Canada

1939 – Franklin Roosevelt informed by Albert Einstein about possibility of nuclear weapons

1970 12:00 PM – October Crises – Robert Bourassa meets with Cabinet

1970 9:45 PM – October Crises – Robert Bourassa agrees to negotiate to free hostages

1975 – Bill Clinton marries Hillary Rodham

1977 – Sterling Lyon and the Manitoba PC party win election

1985 – Ronald Reagan bans importation of South African Krugerrands into the US

1986 – Ronald Reagan & Mikhail Gorbachev open talks in Reykjavik, Iceland

12

1868 – Sir George-Etienne Cartier arrives in London to secure loans for railways

1872 – Sir John A. Macdonald wins federal election

1917 – Sir Robert Borden sworn in as Unionist Prime Minister

1953 – Statue of Sir Wilfrid Laurier unveiled in Montreal’s Dominion Square

1957 – Lester Pearson awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1968 – Rene Levesque elected President of the new Parti Quebecois

1970 – October Crises – Pierre Trudeau orders troops to Ottawa

1973 – Richard Nixon nominates a new Vice-President

1973 – Gerald Ford nominated to be Vice-President

1980 – Peter Lougheed announces Alberta will curtail oil production by 25%

1982 – Richard Hatfield and the New Brunswick PC Party win election

1987 – Alf Landon passes away

2007 – Stephen Harper appoints John Manley as chair of panel on Afghan mission

2010 – Jim Flaherty announces 2009 deficit of $55.6 billion, largest in Canadian history

13

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Edward Blake, 2nd Ontario Premier

1792 – George Washington lays cornerstone on White House

1917 – Sir Robert Borden publicly announces formation of Union Government

1961 – Tommy Douglas introduces Saskatchewan Medical Care Insurance Bill providing universal health care

1968 РRene Levesque leads Mouvement Souveraineté-Association

1970 – Gerald Regan and the Nova Scotia Liberals win election

1970 – October Crisis – When asked how far he would go, Pierre Trudeau responds, “Just watch me”

1975 – Pierre Trudeau imposes 6 & 5 wage and price control program

1978 – Jimmy Carter answers caller’s questions on National Public Radio

1982 – Bill Davis announces Ontario Government purchasing shares in Suncor

1985 – Don Getty elected leader of Alberta Progressive Conservative Party

1987 – Frank McKenna and the New Brunswick Liberal Party win all 58 seats in the election

1992 – Brian Mulroney says no vote on Charlottetown Accord will not mean break up of Canada

14

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Dwight Eisenhower, 34th US President

1844 – John A. Macdonald first elected to Upper Canada Assembly

1935 – William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Liberal Party win election

1947 – Dwight Eisenhower receives Golden Award from Dutch Queen Wilhelmina

1952 – Lester Pearson elected president of 7th session of the United Nations General Assembly

1953 – Dwight Eisenhower vows to fire as “Red” any federal employee pleading 5th Amendment

1960 – John Kennedy first suggest Peace Corps

1965 – Rene Levesque appointed Quebec’s first Minister of Family & Social Services

1967 – Rene Levesque announces resignation from Quebec Liberal Party

1968 – Rene Levesque elected leader of Parti Quebecois

1970 – October Crises – Robert Bourassa replies to claims by FLQ that talks have broken down

1975 – Gerald Ford’s limousine is hit broadside

1980 – Provincial Premiers meet to challenge Pierre Trudeau’s constitutional proposals

1980 – Ronald Reagan promises to name a woman to the Supreme Court

1982 – Ronald Reagan declares a war on drugs

1995 – Alexa McDonough wins NDP leadership

1999 – Bill Bennett signs settlement agreement with BC Securities Commission over insider trading

2008 – Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party win election

15

1789 – George Washington makes first ever Presidential tour in New England

1849 – George-Etienne Cartier responds to the Annexation Manifesto

1860 – 11 year old Grace Bedell writes Abraham Lincoln and tells him to grow a beard

1932 – Richard Bennett opens the Winnipeg Auditorium

1948 – Gerald Ford marries Elizabeth (Betty) Bloomer Warren

1966 – Lyndon Johnson signs bill creating US Department of Transportation

1967 – Rene Levesque cites rejection of separation as reason for leaving Quebec Liberal Party

1968 – Rene Levesque chosen as president of new Parti Quebecois

1969 – Herb Grey appointed as Canada’s first Jewish cabinet minister

1970 – October Crisis – Pierre Trudeau orders troops into Montreal

1970 – October Crisis – Robert Bourassa rejects FLQ demands

1983 – Robert Bourassa re-gains leadership of Quebec Liberal Party

1985 – Jean Chretien publishes “Dans la Fosse aux Lion”

1986 – Rene Levesque publishes “Attendez que je me Souvienne”

1993 – Jean Chretien’s facial features target of attack ad by PC Party

2012 – Dalton McGuinty announces his intention to resign

16

1781 – George Washington takes Yorktown

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – John Kennedy learns of Soviet missiles in Cuba

1970 4:00 am – October Crises – Pierre Trudeau imposes War Measures Act

1970 5:00 pm – October Crises – Robert Bourassa approves declaration of emergency

1970 10:15 pm – October Crises – Pierre Trudeau addresses the nation

1986 – US Government shuts down due to dispute between Ronald Reagan and House

1992 – Federal Court rejects appeal by Native Women’s Association of Canada to cancel Charlottetown Accord referendum

2001 – Mike Harris announces he will be resigning as Ontario Premier

2003 – Peter MacKay and the Canadian Alliance leader agree in principle to unite their parties

2003 – Stephen Harper and the leader of the PC Party leader agree in principle to unite their parties

17

1878 – Sir John A. Macdonald sworn in as Prime Minister for a second time

1978 – Jimmy Carter signs bill restoring citizenship to Jefferson Davis

1979 – Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating Department of Education

1987 – Nancy Reagan undergoes modified radical mastectomy

18

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Pierre Trudeau, Canada’s 15th Prime Minister

1941 – William Lyon Mackenzie King brings in wage and price controls

1944 – Dwight Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and Bernard Montgomery confer in Brussels

1962 – John Kennedy meets with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko

1974 – Paul Martin Sr. appointed Canadian High Commissioner to London

1976 – Pierre Trudeau brings in conflict of interest guidelines for Ministers

1978 – Allan Blakeney and the Saskatchewan New Democratic Party win re-election

1978 – Former US First Daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles Vance

1982 – John Robarts passes away

19

1781 – Charles Cornwallis surrenders British garrison to George Washington

1926 – William Lyon Mackenzie King attends imperial conference in London

1927 – William Lyon Mackenzie King sends the petition of the Famous Five to the Supreme Court

1951 – Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany

1956 – Maurice Duplessis rejects offer from Ottawa for funding to Quebec universities

1973 – Pierre Trudeau meets with Mao Tse Tung in China

1976 – Gerald Ford signs 1st major revision to copyright law since 1909

2015 – Justin Trudeau and the Liberal Party win election

20

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Tommy Douglas, Saskatchewan’s 7th Premier & former NDP leader

1864 – Abraham Lincoln officially establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday

1865 – George-Etienne Cartier recommends Queen Victoria proclaim Ottawa as Canada’s seat of government

1887 – Sir John A. Macdonald refuses to attend first Premiers Conference

1960 – John Diefenbaker opens Sir John A. Macdonald Hall at Queen’s University

1965 – John Robarts lays cornerstone for Champlain College at Trent University

1970 – Ted Kennedy calls for withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland

1973 – Richard Nixon fires Archibald Cox

1976 – Pierre Trudeau begins 6 day trip to Japan

1979 – John Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston

21

1880 – Sir John A. Macdonald signs final Canadian Pacific Railway contract

1899 – Sir George Ross sworn in as Ontario’s 5th Premier

1945 – William Lyon Mackenzie King & Shirley Temple kick off 9th Victory Loan drive

1968 – Pierre Trudeau dances with actress Louise Marleau after a gala

1971 – Bill Davis and the Ontario PC Party win 8th straight election

1971 – Richard Nixon nominates William Rehnquist & Lewis Powell to Supreme Court

1974 – Pierre Trudeau begins two day visit to France

1980 – Pierre Trudeau wins NDP support for constitutional proposals

1991 – Roy Romanow and the Saskatchewan NDP win election

2012 – George McGovern passes away

22

1928 – Herbert Hoover speaks of “American spirit of rugged individualism”

1945 – William Lyon Mackenzie King brings in the Canadian Citizenship Act

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – John Kennedy addresses nation about missiles in Cuba

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – John Kennedy imposes naval blockade on Cuba

1962 – John Kennedy hosts Ugandan Premier Milton Obote

1970 – Richard Hatfield and the New Brunswick PC Party win election

1970 – Lester Pearson named first chairman of International Development Research Centre

1986 – Bill Vander Zalm leads British Columbia Social Credit to re-election win

1988 – Don Getty and Lubicon Chief Bernard Ominayak agree to set aside land for Cree reserve

1990 – Brian Mulroney’s bill overhauling Unemployment Insurance Fund passes Senate

1995 – Jean Chretien in New York for 3 days to celebrate UN’s 50th birthday

2000 – Jean Chretien calls an election

2015 – Gilles Duceppe resigns as leader of Bloc Quebecois

23

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Michael Turner, son of Canada’s 17th Prime Minister

1935 – William Lyon Mackenzie King sworn in as Prime Minister for a third time

1935 – Charles Dunning becomes Canada’s Minister of Finance

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – Adlai Stevenson speaks at United Nations

1966 – Lester Pearson commits Ottawa to covering 50% of cost of higher education

1973 – Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tapes to Judge Sirica

1985 – Pierre-Marc Johnson sworn in as Quebec’s 24th Premier

1995 – Advance polls close in Quebec Referendum, 320 954 people vote

2003 – Dalton McGuinty sworn in as Ontario’s 24th Premier

24

1850 – Earl Grey receives memo criticising new Canadian Currency Act

1903 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier passes the National Transcontinental Railway Act

1931 – George Washington Bridge linking New York and New Jersey is dedicated

1954 – Dwight Eisenhower pledges US support for South Vietnam

1961 – John Diefenbaker leaves on 6 day visit to Japan

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – John Diefenbaker puts Canadian defences on high alert

1981 – Pierre Trudeau co-chairs conference of 22 world leaders on economic disparity

1992 – Preston Manning lays out economic platform at Reform Party’s Winnipeg convention

2009 – Stephen Harper attends unveiling of monument to hockey pioneer James Creighton

25

1850 – Earl Grey informs Lord Elgin that Canada’s currency act should be disallowed

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill invite Canada to join Combined Food Board

1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis – John Diefenbaker refuses to put Canadian Forces on alert

1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis – John Kennedy angered over Canada’s failure to put forces on alert

1962 – Adlai Stevenson demands USSR Ambassador at UN answer questions about Cuban missile sites

1963 – Anti John Kennedy pamphlets scattered around in Dallas

1976 – George Wallace pardons Clarence Norris, convicted of 1931 rape

1993 – Jean Chretien and the Liberal Party win election

1996 – Ontario Federation of Labour organize a day of action against Mike Harris

2004 – Ralph Klein calls an election in Alberta

2005 – Dalton McGuinty orders evacuation of over half of Kashechewan’s population

26

HAPPY BIRTHDAY Hillary Rodham Clinton, former first lady, senator, secretary of state

1908 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberal Party win election

1908 – William Lyon Mackenzie King elected for the first time

1908 – Arthur Meighen elected for the first time

1919 – Woodrow Wilson’s veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden

1949 – Harry Truman raises federal minimum wage to $0.75/hour

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – John Kennedy warns that Russian missiles cannot stay in Cuba

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – John Kennedy receives offer from Khrushchev

1968 – Rudy Giuliani marries Regina Peruggi

1969 – John Diefenbaker named Chancellor of University of Saskatchewan

1973 – Richard Nixon releases first White House tapes

1984 – Richard Hatfield charged with possession of marijuana

1988 – Donald Trump bills Mike Tyson $2 million for 4 months advisory service

1992 – Brian Mulroney declares Charlottetown Accord history after referendum defeat

27

1878 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier loses seat in House of Commons by 29 votes

1883 – Sir John A. Macdonald asks Parliament for more aid to the CPR

1893 – Lady Aberdeen chairs first meeting of National Council of Women of Canada

1913 – Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country

1954 – Dwight Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnamese Prime Minister

1969 – Ralph Nader sets up consumer group Nader’s Raiders

1978 – Jimmy Carter signs Hawkins Humphrey full employment bill

1979 – Rene Levesque flips switch on generator of La Grande River second dam

1980 – Judy LaMarsh passes away

1980 – Robert Bourassa dam opens

1983 – Pierre Trudeau leaves on peace mission to world capitals

1987 – Frank McKenna sworn in as New Brunswick’s 27th Premier

1992 – Tipper Gore admits to covering clock on VCR to avoid seeing it blink

1995 – Jean Chretien addresses 40,000 at rally 3 days before Quebec Referendum vote

28

1776 – George Washington retreats to New Jersey

1919 – The Volstead Act establishes prohibition over Woodrow Wilson’s veto

1936 – Franklin Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty

1956 – Rene Levesque’s show, Point de Mire, premiers

1958 – John Diefenbaker begins tour of European and Commonwealth countries

1962 – Cuban Missile Crises – John Kennedy receives letter from Nikita Khrushchev suggesting agreement

1970 – Gerald Regan and Nova Scotia Liberal Party win election

1977 – Pierre Trudeau confirms RCMP broke into office to copy list of Parti Quebecois members

1980 – Pierre Trudeau brings in the National Energy Program

29

1901 – Leon Czolcosz, assassin of William McKinley, is electrocuted

1925 – William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Liberal Party win second highest number of seats in election

1925 – Arthur Meighen and the Conservative Party win most seats in election

1925 – William Lyon Mackenzie King loses own seat in federal election

1936 – John Diefenbaker chosen as leader of Saskatchewan Conservative Party

1955 – HMCS St. Laurent commissioned by Royal Canadian Navy

1973 – Robert Bourassa and the Quebec Liberal Party win election

1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off with 77 year old John Glenn

30

1915 – Sir Charles Tupper passes away

1956 – Robert Stanfield and the Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative Party win election

1972 – Pierre Trudeau and the Liberal Party win election

1974 – Pierre Trudeau holds one day conference with Provincial Premiers on inflation

1995 – Jacques Parizeau loses referendum on independence

2007 – Jim Flaherty cuts GST to 5%

2009 – Jim Prentice signs polar bear conservation agreement with Nunavut and Greenland

31

1963 – John Kennedy’s last meeting with J. Edgar Hoover

1968 – Lyndon Johnson orders halt to all bombing of North Vietnam

1987 – Preston Manning founds the Reform Party

1995 – Jacques Parizeau announces he will resign as Premier at the end of the year